L429601 ALOGY COLLECTION
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NEW SERIES, No. 57.
MEMBERS OP THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS
FOR THE YEAR 1898.
Sold isv Headlky Bros., 14, Bisuopsgate Without ;
Mary Sessions, 30, Coney Street, York ;
J. AND S. GouGH, Temperance Hotel, Dublin ;
AND BY the Editor,
William Robinson, St. Ouens, Weston-super-Mare.
LONDON AND ASHFORD, KENT.
In issuing another volume of the " Annual
Monitor," I am glad that, by the kind and ready
help of Friends, to whom I tender my sincere
thanks, I am again able to furnish its pages
with narratives of christian lives, some of them
of special interest and instructiveness, and full
of incitement and encouragement to those who
read them to seek, by the grace of the same God
and Saviour, to tread in paths like those in
which the departed have trodden. The world is
full of unrest, political, social and spiritual ; and
it is good to read of those who, in very varied
positions in life, whether that of the lowly
mill-hand, or the conspicuous man of affairs,
have found in whole hearted love to their
Lord and faithful devotedness to His service,
their portion of " the rest that remaineth
for the people of God." Does not the spiritual
unrest of these closing years of the century
come as a call from on high to us Friends, to let
the light of Gospel truth, as it is given to us to
hold it, shine more brightly among men ? Sacer-
dotalism is striving to persuade the world, that
it is through rite and ceremony, involving-
priestly intervention, that fallen man is to find
his way of return to God and to the life of God's
children. To us it is given to grasp and to hold
forth in all the depth and practical outcome of
its meaning, the teaching of Jesus, — " it is the
Spirit that quickeneth (giveth life), the flesh
profiteth nothing ; the words tliat I speak unto
you, they are spirit and they are life." The first
buds of sacerdotalism, in the early centuries of
Christianity, were but small ; but the outcome of
their slow but sure growth are the ecclesiasticism
and priestly systems of to-day. May we, as a
religious body, be on the watch against the first
small budding of any such tendency amongst
Twelfth Month\ 1898.
Joseph P. Drewett.
Anna Maria Fox.
William A. Loveless.
Anna S. Procter.
Richard B. Rutter.
Charles F. Wakefield.
He;nry Wig ham.
William LT. Ditzler.
These memoirs are published on the sole responsi-
bility of the loriters, their friends^ and tJte Editor.
Ag-e. Time of Decease.
Ann Abbatt, 73 20 llmo. 1897
Bolton. Wife of William Abbatt.
Thomas Abbatt, 71 27 2mo. 1898
Bolton, An Elder.
Anna N. Abbott, 62 14 4mo. 1898
Henry Abbott, 47 29 3mo. 1898
William Adair, 66 1 llmo. 1897
Thomas Aggs, 75 17 llmo. 1897
William Allen, 89 31 lOmo. 1897
Arthur E. Appleby, 29 12 4mo. 1898
ElCHENDA ASHWORTH, 41 10 6mo. 1898
Bolton le Moors. Wife of Eobert Ash worth.
William Atkinson, 32 25 5mo. 1898
Mary Backhouse, 63 21 lOmo. 1897
Yorh. An Elder. Widow of James Back-
Mary Backhouse was the daughter of Isaac
and Sarah Eobson, and w^as born in Liverpool in
the summer of 1834. In 1838 the family
removed to Haddersfield, and a bright happy
girlhood was spent in that West Eiding town,
frequent intercourse with her Bradford cousins,
the children of Benjamin and Esther Seebohm,
being one of the pleasant memories of her early
days. These were followed b}^ several years at
the Quarterly Meeting's School, in Castlegate,
York, then under the care of Eliza and Catherine
Stringer, and friendships were formed there which
lasted for the rest of life.
In 1855, Mary Eobson was married to James
Backhouse of York, of whom a memorial notice
appeared in the " Annual Monitor " for 1891. This
union introduced her to many and varied interests,
scientific and intellectual. Many learned men
found their way to the beautiful home at West
Bank, where the cultivated conversation from the
well-stored mind of the host, and the bright warm
welcome and the genial kindliness of the hostess,
made the lines seem specially appropriate : —
Their hearthstone was a broad and pleasant space,
Where many mingled ;
Where none for honour or the highest place.
Apart were singled.
This their example has bequeathed to others.
The children of one Father all are brothers.
Sorrow came to James and Mary Backhouse
in the loss of children : an infant daughter in
1870 ; and a son of much promise just entering
manhood, who was taken from them in 1883
after a long illness, during which two winters
had been spent on the Continent in search of
Keenly as these sorrows touched a most
affectionate mother, they were not allowed to
prevent her from entering into the joys and
sorrows of others ; and her loving sympathy was
often shown in quiet visits to the homes of
invalids or lonely friends, where her presence
was warmly welcomed. Her husband's and son's
illnesses absorbed her time and energies for
several years, and her health suffered from the
strain, so that she was never again able to take
up some of the active duties she would gladly
have continued to perforni. At one time, at the
advice of her doctor, she regretfully declined a
request to serve on the Board of Guardians. Her
friends, however, still met the sunny welcome,
and enjoyed talking with her of the books she
had been reading, or walks with her in the
grounds where every turn was connected with
the happy memories of her early married life,
and of the hand which had done so much to
make Art conceal Art.
In the early spring of 1897, a severe seizure
of paralj^sis confined Mary Backhouse for some
time to one room ; but she recovered sufficiently
to be wheeled into her garden and to take long
drives, to her great enjoyment. Her sunny
temperament made the sick-room a pleasant
place for those who waited on her. She would
often speak thankfully of her many mercies ;
and though at times when feeling better, she
would look to and speak of recovery, we believe
the end which came so gently on the 21st of
Tenth Month, 1897, was no surprise to her. She
knew in whom she had believed. Life had
meant to her a " going to the Father " ; and
those who mourn the blank left, and the great
loss sustained, can give thanks for the reverent
confidence that for her death meant, to be " for
ever with the Lord."
Sarah Bake, 82 22 9mo. 1898
Mossley Hill^ Liverpool. An Elder. Widow
of Benjamin Bake.
Alexander Baker, 29 1 llmo. 1897
San Salvador. Son of the late James and
EHzabeth Baker of York.
George E. Baker, 45 7 llmo. 1897
HattoUj near Birmingham.
Morris Baker, 68 1 8mo. 1898
Thomas Baker, 67 24 5mo. 1898
Bray^ Co. WicJclow.
Catherine Bale, 89 10 4mo. 1898
Joseph G. Barclay, 81 25 4mo. 1898
Samuel Barlow, 78 5 4mo. 1898
Thomas Barlow, 72 23 12mo. 1897
Sioclcport and Colwyn Bay.
Annie Baron, 40 4 7mo. 1898
Sevenoahs. AVife of Richard Baron.
William R. Barritt, 79 30 9mo. 1898
St. Augustine's Road^ Camden Square^ London,
Eachel Barrow, 75 26 8mo. 1898
Anna M. Batt, 83 20 8mo. 1898
John Beharrel, 62 18 9mo. 1897
Ben Bentley, 78 21 9mo, 1897
Philip H. Beer, 16mo. 6 3mo. 1898
Folkestone. Son of William H. and Norah
F. H. Beer.
Margaret Bilton, 73 25 4mo. 1898
Bradford. "Widow of Edward Bilton.
Joseph B. Binyon, 89 19 12mo. 1897
Thomas Blasdale, 65 16 6mo. 1898
Gustaf Bloomquist, 47 6 Imo. 1898
Thomas W. Bower, 52 8 3mo. 1898
John H. Bowman, 35 1 2mo. 1898
Alport^ near Balcewell. Son of William and
Agnes Bracken, 41 5 Imo. 1898
Preston Patrick. Wife of Thomas Bracken.
Henrietta W. Brevetor, 79 30 Imo. 1898
Mary Briggs, 84 11 3mo. 1898
Stohe Newingto7i. Widow of Benjamin Briggs.
William Brittain, 65 22 4mo. 1898
Harriet E. Brooke, 74 22 12mo. 1897
Eliza Brown, 62 17 llmo. 1897
Cambridge. Wife of William R. Brown.
Joseph Brown, 77 16 2mo. 1898
Mary Brown, 76 5 lOmo. 1898
Evesham. An Elder. Wife of William W.
Elizabeth S. Buck, 72 30 3mo. 1898
Fo2)lar. Wife of Henry C. W. Buck.
Frederic Burgess, 60 9 2mo. 1898
John W. Burne, 27 3 llmo. 1897
Liveijjool. Son of Joseph Gr. Burne, M.D.
Maria Burton, 67 2 4mo. 1898
Didshury. Widow of William Burton.
Francis Butterfield, 85 23 2mo. 1898
Emma R. Cann, 52 24 2mo. 1898
Ethel M. Catchpool, 35 12 7mo. 1898
Hastings, Died at Madras.
Charles A. Christy, 33 21 8mo. 1898-
Timothy J. Collopy, 78 19 12mo. 1897
Bmmley Road, London.
George Cooke, 87 19 4mo. 1898-
Liverpool. An Elder.
Sarah Cooke, 84 26 3mo. 1898^
Ann M. Cotton, 64 2 3mo. 1898
Sheffield. Wife of Frank Cotton.
Thomas Crass, 47 15 9mo. 1898-
Philip Crawshaw, 65 4 5mo. 1898-
Alfred B. C. Crowley, 21mo26 8mo. 1898
Croydon. Son of Alfred C. and M. L. Crowley.
Ann Davenport, 38 6 2ino. 1898
Penketh. Wife of William Davenport.
Christian S. Davis, 78 16 Imo. 1898-
Thomas Davis, 75 14 6mo. 1898
Lydia B. Davy, 65 22 12nio. 1897
Lincoln. Widow of Dennis Davy.
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
Eliza Ann Deane, ' 64 31 3mo. 1898
York. Died at Cheltenham. Widow of
William Hack Deane.
Isaac Dell, 84 6 2mo. 1898
Lucy M. Dell, 55 31 Imo. 1898
Bristol. Daughter of Isaac Dell.
John Dinsdale, 81 7 3mo. 1898
Caroline Dix, 66 27 7mo. 1898
Croydon. Widow of Richard J. Dix.
Mary M. Dixon, 3 2 7mo. 1898
Coclcermouth. Daughter of William F, and
Henry Doeg, 24 19 lOmo. 1897
Chichiey.^ Canada. Son of George W. and
Jane E. Doncaster, 52 23 lOmo. 1897
Joseph P. Drewett, 62 5 9mo. 1898
Born at Luton in 1836, the son of the late
William and Gulielma M. Drewett, the subject
of this memoir was in boyhood very impression-
able to kind and gracious influences, and, more
than many perhaps, to such as come to sensitive
young minds in hours of public worship. In
recent years it sometimes surprised his friends to
hear him refer to sentiments set forth in meeting
whilst he was a scholar at Ackworth, the influence
of which had never died out of his life, nor the
memory of the individuals to whom he was
indebted for them. His reverence for sacred
things was probably natural to him, but owed
much of its early cultivation to his mother, a God-
fearing woman who carried her religion into
practical every-day duties in a manner which
could not fail to have its effect upon her children.
Of this good mother's counsel and encouragement
he had the privilege almost down to the end of
his life, her death preceding his own by only
His choice of a career — that of a teacher —
was happily in accord with almost every element
of his character. Its varied associations with
young life undoubtedly very favourably de-
veloped the best points of his nature. Having
passed successfully through his apprenticeship at
Ackworth School, forming many friendships on
the way, and a course of study at the Flounders
Institute, he went upon the staff of the Friends'
School at Kendal, upon which he remained nine
or ten years. During his connection with that
School, his conscientious devotion and loyalty to
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
the various duties which fell to him won for him
the esteem of the members of the house, older
and younger. His gentleness and his readiness to
help them in every laudable enterprise quickly
gained him the regard of the boys, and his
charitable construction of their defects was often
warmly appreciated. His heart was so true, and
discord so hateful to him, that he was led so to
rule his life that the only source of discomfort or
unhappiness which ever seemed to oppress him
•arose from the occasional discovery that his
dicipline was, for the moment, alienating the
spirit of an insubordinate one. Then, restless and
•disturbed by the consciousness that sweetness
had gone out of his life, he would declare
how hard it was for him to endure the
sense of being at variance with anyone.
He was a very "all round" man. There
was no department of school-life in which he did
not manifest interest. Whatever the movement
of the hour, it was always known by masters and
boys alike that his support was to be relied on.
He was full of sympathy with youth. The Friends
of Kendal were not slow to recognise his worth
outside the school precincts, and the place he then
commenced to make in their regard was the fore-
runner of the still higher appreciation they
entertained for him, when, after many years, he
again made his home amongst them.
He left Kendal after the death of his father,
in order to assist his mother to conduct the
business. But the love of his profession was too
strong to allow him to abandon it, and he, in part-
nership with Cranston Woodhead, established a
school at Hitchin. He had, in the meantime,
married Anne Marshall, the second daughter of
Samuel Marshall of Kendal. His wife's health
was, however, too feeble to sustain the cares of
school-life, and thus obliged Joseph Drewett to
live in a house apart from the school, whilst his
partner's wife became responsible for the domestic
arrangements within the establishment. These
conditions by no means lessened J. Drewett's
anxieties or the weight of his responsibilities.
But the old joy of training young lives was upon
him, and for the seven years between 1873 and
1880, he devoted himself to his duties with an ever
increasing earnestness and sense of their sacred-
ness. Services ably and zealously performed met
with their reward in the appreciation of parents
and the affection of pupils ; but the increasing
infirmity of his wife, together with other circum-
stances he could not control, led him to retire
from active life and settle at Arnside in West-
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
niorland, where he was near his wife's relatives
and the scenes of many cherished associations.
Here for several years the best of his energy and
a large proportion of his leisure were lovingly
devoted to his suffering wife, upon whom a
creeping paralysis was slowly bat irresistibly
gaining ground, and which was eventually to
prove fatal. Yet it was impossible that his
active mind and his love of doing something to
the advantage of his fellow-men should be
altogether confined to the sick room. He saWy
in the village of Arnside, a need for the working
classes of greater facilities for intellectual pur-
suits, and was the chief instrument in the formation
of the Educational Institute. To the prosperity of
this organisation he liberally devoted time and la-
bour down to a very recent date, when one of those
untoward events, which sometimes intrude into-
well-regulated lives, led him to sever his active
connection with it. Finding, some years after
the foundation of this Institute, that its operations-
did not extensively reach the class for which its
benefits were especially intended, Joseph Drewett
devised a Magazine Society," which should take
reading into the homes of the people. This ha»
for many years been widely appreciated, and
rarely less than thirty families have been members
of this Society, into whose homes no fewer than
ten or twelve good periodicals thus regularly find
But Joseph Drewett's most distinguished
effort to ameliorate men's lives was, perhaps, his
mission work in a neighbouring hamlet. This
isolated cluster of cottages was inhabited by a
peculiar people who rarely connected themselves,
more than they could help, with other communi-
ties, and who bore, rightly or wrongly, but a very
indifferent reputation with their neighbours. A
clergyman held a little Sunday afternoon service
in the village school, but the means of awakening
•spiritual life among the people were of the
slenderest nature. A good man of light and
leading, who had settled close by the hamlet, did
what he could for a few years to improve the
state of things ; but, when he passed away, the
old inert condition again settled down upon the
cottagers. A few excellent Wesleyans of Arnside
next organised a little religious effort, and out
of this movement, with which Joseph Drewett
had much sympathy, grew his scheme for
-establishing a mission room in the place. Mr.
Watson of Rochdale, the original inventor of the
manufacture of silk-plush, found the money for
the erection of a substantial and commodious
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
building ; J. Drewett organised a Sunday morn-
ing school and a mission meeting for the eveningy
gradually adding various helpful accessories, the
latest of which was a successful class for
carpentry in winter evenings. All these opera-
tions he sedulously watched, down to the time of
his death, devoting very considerable time and
exertion to them personally, in addition to the
work of organisation. But his labours were not
confined to the mission room. He was vigilant
in his interest in the affairs of the individuals of
the community, frequently visiting their homes,
doing what lay in his power to alleviate their
hardships, and to win some of them from evil
ways. It is neither easy nor necessary to
tabulate the results of such efforts. It is perhaps
best to leave the estimate of them to the eye of
faith. Disappointments many there were of
course, and compensations sufficient. The words
of a poor bed-ridden woman, addressed to Joseph
Drewett, " I think our Saviour walks with you
reg'lar," will show what manner of personality he
was to the few more tender-spirited ones of the
rude little hamlet. Time brought him helpers and
supporters from the neighbourhood. Upon these
the continuation of his work will now devolve^
and there is no reason to anticipate its failure.
Without being, in the specialist's sense, a
scholar or a man of science, Joseph Drewett in-
terested himself in all such intellectual pursuits
as his choice of life and work rendered service-
able to him. In this regard he was eminently
practical, and his acquirements were always at
the service of those who could benefit from them.
He desired few things more than to use his
talents, and to share with others pleasures at his
command. In 1887 he paid a visit to the United
States with William Ransom of Hitchin, the
enjoyment of which he not only regarded as a
favour to be thankful for, but, as he wrote on
his return voyage, as a stimulus, not only by
word but by a more devoted life to show his
gratitude to Him who had, through the instru-
mentality of human means, given him the
pleasure, and watched over all of them during
the enjoyment of it. And it was surprising on
how many subsequent occasions he made this visit
do duty, in varied ways, in giving pleasure and
instruction to others.
Joseph Drewett had his ideals but did not
rest in them. When an ideal took possession of
his mind, he hastened to convert as much of it
as he could into an actuality. He did not allow
an idea to evaporate in the search for perfection,
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
knowing something doubtless of the virtue under-
lying the old proverb : " The best is the enemy
of the good." It must be granted that there v^as
a certain enthusiasm in him which made him at
times exceedingly tenax propositi. Perhaps this
was the side of his character which met with
least appreciation. He saw his side of a question
in so bright a light that he had sometimes extreme
difficulty in yielding to the judgment of others
who differed from him on method or policy.
His life was built up upon a keen realization
of its seriousness. There was absolutely no-
particle of the frivolous in his nature. Yet there
was a bright and amiable cheerfulness that
recommended his Christian profession, and made
him a grata persona to thoughtful people. ' He
had many close friends among such, and golden
opinions of him were not hard to find among those
who knew him well. On religious subjects he
cultivated a broad charity. His own convictions
of Christian truth were clear, and his aversion
from formality and ritual was emphatic, but he
found no difficulty in associating deep spirituality
with views widely different from his own. A
month before his death he wrote to one of his
sisters : " The divine roof covers all those who
are honestly seeking to know God, in whatever
direction they are searching." Some years ago
he wrote to the same correspondent : " Tell
not to go by the wisdom of this man or that
man, but to seek, as Paul tells us, to be ruled by
the power of God, with no human being between
us and Him. I believe that God reveals Himself
and His will to us in different ways, according
to the nature He has given to us, and that we see
the truth from a different point from one another ;
else how could there be true servants of God in
sections of the church so widely opposed as
Catholics and Friends ? God will reveal Himself
through the face of His dear Son through the
Holy Spirit, if only we are really seeking Him,
and then nothing can shake us, even if we meet
with good men holding diverse views." Of one
thing he was, however, very intolerant. Amongst
those in whom he interested himself were some
who occasionally lapsed from the better life into
which he had been the means of leading them,
and, in such cases, any reflection upon the offender
roused his anger. He regarded such censure
as a proof of mischievous incapacity to comprehend
the magnitude of the struggle between a man
and his besetting sin.
He had for some time a country-house in
Dentdale, and there also he threw himself into
JOSEPH P. DEEWETT.
the interests of the people, especially of those
around the old meeting-house at Leayet. His
character and services were perhaps more appre-
ciated by none than by the honest-hearted,
intelligent people of that valley-head, many of
whom are descendants of Friends, who saw in
him only what stirred worthy reminders of
ancestors whose characters they revere.
In the small gatherings of Friends at
Arnside, his ministry — thoughtful , unconventional
and promotive of spiritual seriousness — was much
valued, and not less so in some neighbouring
country meetings where his appearance was
always cordially welcome.
Although apparently never expressed to his
friends, there is reason for supposing that he had
for some time had some apprehension that his
life would not be a long one, and in writing to
one of his sisters on Seventh Month 7th of last
year, he says, in allusion to a brief but rather
alarming attack of illness : " I feel deeply
thankful for the so gentle reminder of the need
of ' working while it is day.'"
He was able to be present, the following
month, at the Scarborough Summer School, which
was to him a time of very great social and
spiritual enjoyment. He rejoiced in the occasion,
as one calculated to give courage to the student
of the Bible, by showing how much richer a truth
was often substituted for a conventional form of
it, by a prayerful confronting of difficulties.
Recognising how disturbing and almost alarming
to some minds were certain new statements and
interpretations, he believed that investigations,
entered upon in a prayerful spirit, were not to be
feared, and that, eventually, good only could
proceed from them. For himself, he says by
letter : " I am humiliated by the evidence that
many points of Scripture truth I have never really
studied at all. I have tried to elucidate, and
now I see that 1 have been in the dark all the
The brightness of Joseph Drewett's later
life was much increased by his marriage, in 1892,
to Deborah Wilson, of Thornton in Craven,
whose love and sympathy were a great gain to
his happiness. In her he found one who warmly
entered into his various interests, who was
strength to him in hours of disappointment and
discouragement, and a support and cheer to him
in whatever he undertook.
His last illness was very brief. A cold of a
few days duration was suddenly succeeded by
eclampsia, aggravated by defective action of the
JOSEPH P. DREWETT.
heart of some standing, of which a second attack
within thirty hours proved fatal.
A favourite thought of his has been expressed
in a German couplet, the original and a transla-
tion of which formed the motto of his pocket-
book : —
" Let me die before I die,
That when I die, I may not die."
Many of those who knew him will be able
to unite in the sentiment expressed by a friend :
*'iWe shall always have fragrant memories of
him, and think of him now as of one whom the
Lord has looked upon with love, and wanted for
Thomas Drewry, 85 16 3mo. 1898
Sarah Dudley, 25 27 lOmo. 1897
Tipton^ Dudley. Daughter of Richard and the
late Ann Dudley.
Helen F. R. DuGuiD, 12 23 12mo. 1897
Aberdeen. Daughter of John and Jane
Mary A. Dymond, 66 27 4mo. 1898
George Eastwick, 56 7 l2mo. 1897
^ Kings Lynn.
John Elgar, 78 9 2mo. 1898
Mary Eliott, 85 16 6mo. 1898
Lishearcl, An Elder.
Iq preparing this little sketch for the
" Annual Monitor," it cannot be forgotten how
deep an interest the beloved subject of it took in
the little volume, sending it round, year by
year, to many of her friends, and even last year,
with the solemn conviction that her name
would be included in the next.
Mary Eliott was the second daughter of
John and Mary Eliott, of Liskeard, and was
born there on the 3rd of Sixth Month, 1813.
The advanced age at which she finished her
course is sufficient in itself to show that
she belonged to a generation that has nearly
passed away, the restrictions of whose early
training might now be thought extreme, and yet
they helped to mould characters with a capacity
for philanthropic work, self-denying devotion
to duty, and earnest endeavour to adorn the
doctrine of God their Saviour, not to be sur-
passed amidst the greater advantages of the
The watchful care of -her parents in an es-
pecially happy home, and the example of her elder
MARY ELIOTT. 23
sister, together with the influence of school life
at Ashfield, and the intimate friendship with a
devoted schoolfellow, all, it is believed, had their
share in attracting her young heart heavenward ;
and though we have no record of any special
time of conversion, it was very evident to those
who knew her, that the love of Christ had early
won her for Himself, and that it was her earnest
desire to follow Him.
Delicate health, for some years after leav-
ing school, prevented her from entering into
many things which would otherwise have en-
gaged her attention. She was mostly confined
to the house during several winters, and nursed
as a tender plant not long for this world. Little
was it then anticipated that she would be the
only survivor of all the family for many years.
Never very strong, hers was the mission of
a quiet life. Her very social nature, which, no
doubt, had snares and difficulties for her when
young, was turned to beautiful account as years
advanced. The blessed gift which had been be-
stowed upon her of a bright and sunny disposi-
tion, made her acceptable to older and younger,
and the cheery welcome of her pleasant smile
and cordial speech, with an alertness of manner
peculiarly her own, will not easily be forgotten.
It seemed to be her special vocation to serve
her Master by her life and conversation, rather-
than in conspicuous acts. Full of sympathy,
and ever thinking of ways in which she could
help others, she endeavoured, if possible, to jBnd
the bright side of every character, and to dwell
on the pleasures rather than the troubles of life .
The constant flow of little kindnesses was a
marked feature in her character. She remem-
bered not only to bestow the well-timed gift,
but to pay the sympathising call, especially on
the lonely ones, and any who were in danger of
being overlooked ; and whether with the poor
and afflicted, or with those more favoured in
their outward lot and circumstances, she realised
that she had "a fellowship with hearts to keep
and cultivate." And in the little Cornish town
where she lived and died, a wide-spread feeling
of loving respect was manifested towards her by
Though a cheerful brightness will always
be associated with her memory, it would be a
mistake to suppose that her life was exempt
from trial. Most deeply attached to her own
family, she saw all those who had been as the
light of her eyes taken from her, and in the case
of her mother, in a moment, long before her own
call came. But in the days of sorrow, as in the
days of sunshine, her trust was that of one whO'
lived by faith in the Son of God.
She had an uncommon power for arrange-
ment, and her advice was so constantly sought
by the different members of her own family,
and many others, that she was sometimes play-
fully styled "the oracle."
She was a diligent attender of meetings for
worship as long as able, and the welfare of the
little meeting at Liskeard, of which she was a
valued member and Elder, ever lay near her
heart ; and though she rarely took much vocal
part, the prayerful earnestness of her spirit was
felt to be an influence for good. In allusion to
her and another beloved aged member of the
Quarterly Meeting who had been recently taken
home, one wrote : " I have always looked upon
your aunt and my aunt as two of the especially
bright lights of our western coterie of Friends ;
both had a wonderful influence around them,
and did much towards cementing the different
elements of our little Society. Now both are
gone, but the influence for good does not die
with them, and will long be affectionately
Though strongly attached to the principles
of her own Society, and believing them to be in
accordance with Scripture, she delighted to
recognise the one bontl of union between real
Christians of every name, and with many of
these she had sweet and cheering intercourse.
Of all departments of philanthropic work in
which she took an interest the cause of Temper-
ance held the first place, believing, as she did,
that but for the curse of drink there would be
little need for some of the other efforts. She was
;an active worker for many j^ears, showing her
sympathy in various ways. Being absent from
home in 1887, she wrote to the Secretary :
" Having been a teetotaler for more than fifty
years, it is a disappointment to me not to be able
to attend the meetings of the Temperance
Jubilee, where I shall be with you in spirit, with
desires that it may prove a time of much profit
and deep interest. It brings much to my mind
of dear ones taken to their happy home, who
worked heartily in this important cause ; and
though there are times when disappointment
may arise that more has not been done, at others
we can say, ' What hath God wrought ! ' " In her
eightieth year she made an effort to be present
at the tea she gave annually to the committee
and a few others, greeting each one on arriving
with a kindly welcome ; and in a few words of
reply to an appreciative vote of thanks, she spoke
of her warm and unabated interest in the cause^
alluded to the uncertainty of their ever thus
meeting again, and urged them " to work while
it is day." On two occasions she sent letters of
sympathy, as she could not be present, to the
meetings of old abstainers held in London, as-
one of their number.
Not many weeks before her death she
received an illuminated address from the Liskeard
Society on the occasion of their Diamond
Jubilee, as the only surviving member of those
who had joined at the commencement. She was
too ill to see more than one of the deputation^
but it was a time of deep and touching interest to
No sketch of Mary Eliott's character would
be complete without some reference to the
individual loving interest she took in the large
circle of her nephews and nieces of two genera-
tions. She did not forget any of their birthdays,
and by her genial sympathy invited their confi-
dence, and made their joys and sorrows her own.
" No sweeter or kinder aunt," wrote one of these,
"could niece or nephew see awaiting them.
She would welcome us in, and at once ask about
what she knew was nearest our hearts and
thoughts." To all her relatives she was the
same, and many who could lay no claim to
outward relationship adopted the name ''Aunt
Mary " as quite the familiar phrase.
Her prettily embowered Terrace home was
bright with sunshine, and, in keeping with her
cheerful disposition, she liked to have attractive
things around her, as much for the pleasure of
others as her own. But her heart was not in
them ; her treasure was in heaven, and she loved
to draw the thoughts of all to the same blessed
source from whence her own happiness was
Her first serious illness was in 1891, and at
that time a beautiful assurance of acceptance was
given her, dispelling the fears with which she
had often been troubled. She almost thought
she could see the words written on the wall :
" I have cast all thy sins into the depths of the
sea." After recovering, she wrote to a niece :
*'Thou wilt be glad to know that I ventured to
meeting this morning, and was strengthened to
return thanks for the many mercies experienced
since last we met. It did feel good to be per-
mitted to meet with my friends after an interval
of nearly eighteen weeks."
In a little memorandum, dated 1893, she
wrote : To be found ready is my earnest
prayer ; and though faith is often low, there are
times wlien 1 can trust and not be afraid, and
believe that there is a home prepared for poor,
unworthy me in my heavenly Father's house..
But, oh ! it is all of mercy ; ' Accepted in the
Beloved,' are words which still give me much<
comfort. All my nephews and nieces are very
dear to me. What more can I desire for them-
and for all, than that we may be favoured to-
meet in heaven? "
She had another severe illness from bron-
chitis and pleurisy in the summer of 1895. In
reference to the doctor's serious view of her case^
she remarked : " It seemed solemn, but I thanked
God, I could say, it neither alarms nor dis-
appoints me." She sent a message to a dear
friend, with whom she had conversed on their
mutual feeling of shrinking from death, a sort of
dread of going alone : " I want thee to tell her
that it is all taken away — quite gone. I feel I
shall not go alone, my Saviour will go with me."
And she seemed comforted by what a kind
friend had told her : " That it would only be like
going out at the open door of the room." This
fear, it is believed, never troubled her again.
She remarked at another time : " I don't think it
is weli to dwell on the shadow of death, as some
do. We ought to dwell more on the bright
side." The expression of her countenance was so
peaceful ; she said she was thankful to be able
to leave all. Her outward affairs did not trouble
her, and she had been glad of the opportunity of
telling one, who called on business, it was such a
favour to have no anxiety as to recovery. She
€0uld say, goodness and mercy had followed
her all the days of her life, though very
She described an experience she had one
night, -when it seemed as if a beautiful right-
hand of lielp was stretched out to her, with the
assurance, "I will help thee, yea I will
strengthen thee, yea I will uphold thee with the
right hand of My righteousness." This assur-
ance was clung to, and never forgotten. A little
message, brought to her by Eufus King, was
very comforting, and often afterwards referred
to : " The Lord shall be thine Everlasting Light,
and the days of thy mourning shall be ended."
From this time she was unable to attend
meetings, or to go much beyond the house ; but
there she was still the same sweet centre of love
Towards the end of 1896, symptoms of
serious disease came on, and she was sometimes
a little cast down with fears of what might be
before her ; but the promises were her continued
comfort and support : " Fear not, for I have
redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name ;
thou art Mine. When thou passest through the
waters, I will be with thee," etc. "Fear thou
not, for I am with thee, be not dismayed, for I
am thy God," etc.
On seeing the likeness of a dear nephew,
who had lately passed away, she said, so
tenderly: "My dear, I shall be the first to see
thee." And then, after a little sleep, she awoke
¥/ith her favourite lines :
" In the furnace God maj^ prove thee.
Strive to bring thee forth more bright,
But will never cease to love thee,
Thou art precious in His sight.
God is with thee,
God thine everlasting Light."
She would so often greet her friends with
the words, " Oh, give thanks unto the Lord for
He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever,"
and "Bless the Lord, my soul, and all that is
within me, bless His holy name." And then
she would dwell on the joys of heaven, with the
words : " In Thy presence is fulness of joy, and
at Thy right hand there are pleasures for ever-
more." All doubts and fears seemed dispelled
by the sense of peace granted : " He hath heard
me in my low estate, and now He hath comforted
The sense of the love of God as a tender
Father came home to her more preciously than
ever. She felt His presence very near, with the
assurance, " Fear not, my child, I will take care
of thee." " I did feel very ill," she remarked on
one occasion, " but the Saviour seemed to light
up (the path) for me, and the assurance came
sweetly over and over again, ' Accepted in the
Contrary to expectation, she was able to get
downstairs again almost daily during the follow-
ing summer and autumn. Through that time,
and long after she was confined to her room, she
loved to welcome her many friends, entering, as
she had ever done, into their joys and sorrows,
anxious to turn every opportunity to account,
and when alluding to her own sufferings,
generally with some cheerful reservation, " But
that is passed now," or "Better to-day, thank God."
It was rather remarkable how, with her
great shrinking from being nursed by stranger
hands, she was spared that trial ; for during the
eighteen months of her slow decline, loving
nieces, who had distant homes of their own, were
able, one after another, to come and share for
weeks together the sweet privilege with her own
devoted attendant ; and the one especially who
had been almost like a daughter was with her
many times, and through the last seven weeks to
On one occasion, calling her niece and her
attendant to her bedside, she said : I have been
shedding tears of gratitude. It seemed as if my
dear, loving Father said to me, ' My child, I will
come and take thee to be with Me for ever,' and
it was accompanied by such sweet peace."
On her niece going to her one morning, after
an alarming symptom had come on in the night,
she said : " It was almost too precious to tell, but
she had seemed to see her Saviour at the bedside,
with a beautiful countenance and a halo round
His head, and He said, ' I have loved thee with
an everlasting love, therefore with loving-kind-
ness have I drawn thee.' "
The pain and weakness gradually increased,
and for the last few months she was quite
confined to her bed ; but those who were with
her during the attacks of pain, so distressing to
witness, can never forget how she was enabled
to praise God in the midst of severe suffering,
and to say, " He doeth all things well." When
scarcely able to speak from the bodily distress,
she would comfort herself with the lines :
" In His arms He'll take and shield thee.
Thou wilt find a solace there."
And yet she often longed to depart, and would
say, " I hope you will all thank God w^hen I am
She often derived much comfort and enjoy-
ment from a mental picture which she seemed
to see on the wall opposite her bed, of a
beautiful garden — more beautiful than any
earthly garden she ever saw, and in it the last
two of her very dear ones who had been taken
home. Once she spoke of gates to the garden ;
and some weeks after she said the gates were
opened ; and, so often, in reference to it, she
would repeat with much feeling the text : The
Lord will comfort Zion, He w^ill comfort all her
waste places ; He will make her wilderness like
Eden, and her desert like the garden of the
She was so thankful for any little alleviation
in her illness, and often spoke of the words,
" He stayeth His rough wind in the day of His
east wind." On one occasion, seeing her atten-
dant distressed at witnessing her sufferings, she
comforted her with, " When the waves thereof
arise Thou stillest them," but wanted her to
know that it was God who made her feel this,
adding, " If it was only Mary Eliott, I might be
inclined to half murmur ; but instead of that He
enables me to say, ' Praise God from whom all
blessings flow; " 1.429601,
One day she prayed that the Lord in His
own good time would take her safely home,
asking " that the suffering might be lessened, as
much as is consistent with Thy holy will.
Though the way has been rough, there have
been smooth places, for which I return Thee my
hearty thanks." At another time she prayed,
"That I may feel Thy presence, and that the
suffering may be lessened as I draw near the
end, that I may be able to praise Thee on the
banks of deliverance." This petition was
mercifully granted. At another time, " It is a
trial, as Thou knowest, but wilt Thou be with
me in the very depths." And again, " Wilt
Thou answer the many prayers that have been
put up for me in this room, and in Thy own
good time say it is enough, and take Thy poor
unworthy child to be with Thee for ever."
On hearing the hymn, " Oh how He loves,"
she remarked, " We may well say what love ! "
and then spoke of the comfort of mind she felt :
" Oh that men would praise the Lord for His
After a very bad night, she spoke of
feeling very poorly, but added, " Jesus is
precious to my soul." The next day she said,
" Better and brighter — more comfortable in my
soul — the assurance given, ' I will fulfil all that
I have promised thee.'
Though painful at present,
'Twill cease before long,
And then, oh how pleasant
The conqueror's song.
"Be sure, my dear, don't talk gloomily to
the children about Aunt Mary — tell them she is
happy in heaven."
To one who called when she was very weak,
she said so brightly, "I am nearing my happy
home, won't it be lovely ? " Another day, when
under the weight of illness, she said , " It is a
heavy trial, but I am helped,'' and again, " Think
of what my Saviour suffered for me."
One evening she said the enemy was still
permitted to worry her. She feared tha t in some
of the things which she had done, she had
thought more of the praise of men than the
praise of God ; but she took comfort from the
words which were repeated, " I have cast all thy
sins into the depths of the sea." She asked for
the cxxi. Psalm, and when it was finished, said,
"Praise God !"
When reminded of the near approach of her
birthday, she said, " Wouldn't it be beautiful to
spend it in heaven ? " The next day she told
the doctor she was nearing home. " Yes," he
replied, "almost within reach": to which she
added, " Won't it be beautiful ! " She spoke of
" the gentle letting down," and afterwards alluded
to the enemy having worried her yesterday, but
now I could fancy my dear loving Father said
to me, " I have sent him away." At another
time she said, "Though I have had a good deal
of pain, I have been favoured with a good portion
of peace. ' My peace I leave with you, My peace
I give unto you.' " And again, " Oh magnify
the Lord with me, and let us exalt His name
together." " The Lord has been very good to
me all my life through, and now in my old age
He has not forsaken me :
"He who has helped me hitherto,
Will help me all my journey through,
And give me daily cause to raise
Fresh ebenezers to His praise."
On her eighty-fifth birthday, though very
ill, she was able to take some pleasure from the
man}^ letters and messages of love, and flowers
which were sent her ; she w^as full of praise that
day, and uttered fervent thanksgiving for the
blessings of a long long life, for her Heavenly
Father's goodness ; "and most of all," she added,
" for the life and sacrifice of Thy dear Son."
She said, "I am afraid, when I am gone, some
may say too much about me. I want them to
know, that in any little thing I have done, it
was not Mary Eliott, but the grace of God
enabling me to do it."
From this time the pain lessened, and the
weakness increased. One night, when told that
she was "almost home," she whispered, "Tell
my friends that I have a good prospect, but I
am too weak to say much." Hymns still brought
the dear sufferer much comfort ; and now, every
night, she asked to have repeated to her the
children's hymn :
" Jesus tender Shepherd hear me.
Bless Thy little lamb to-night,"
and when her voice was so extremely weak that
it was difficult to hear anything she tried to say,
the words were caught, " Say the little hymn."
Strangely sweet and appropriate, during those
last nights, when she was passing through the
valley, seemed the words :
" Through the darkness be Thou near me,
Keep me safe till morning light."
Soon after the dawn came, on the 16th of
Sixth Month, she peacefully slept away, to awake
where the morning is without clouds, neither will
there be any more pain.
Sophia Ellis, 60
Blahy, near Leicester.
Elizabeth Enock, 69
Sihford Goiver. An Elder
Elizabeth Eyles, 75 22 Imo. 1898
Presto?/. Wife of John Eyles.
30 8mo. 1898
16 9mo. 1898
Widow of John
63 12 Imo. 1898
96 15 7mo. 1898
Son of John A.
Mary Firth, 72 12 2mo.
Shepley^ near Highflatts, An Elder.
Katharine M. Fitz-Gerald,
43 4 3mo. 1898
Croydon. Wife of Alexander Fitz-Gerald.
Anna Maria Fox, 81 18 llmo. 1897
PenjerricJc, near Falmouth. An Elder.
Anna Maria Fox was the elder daughter of
Rohert Were and Maria Fox. She was born at
Falmouth, 21st of Second Month, 1816, and died
at her home, Penjerrick, near Falmouth, 18th of
Eleventh Month, 1897.
It is difficult to trace in a short memoir the
history of a long life full of activity and useful-
ness ; but the principal object of the " Annual
Monitor" is not so much to give the history of a
life, as to point out what God's grace does for
human life, when it is made the great motive
power from childhood to the grave.
In pondering over what must have been
Anna Maria Fox's early mental history, the
thought strikes us that she had early resolved
that " whatsoever things are true, whatsoever
things are honest, whatsoever things are just,
v^hatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things
are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report "
— she would not merely think of these things,
but would make it her daily quest to seek after
and to do them.
Brought up by parents whose mental cul-
ture, refinement, and Christian character made
them remarkable far beyond their own family
ANNA MARIA FOX.
circle, Anna Maria Fox had for her most choice
and close companion her sister Caroline (whose
memoirs have been so cleverly edited by Horace
Pym).'"' Her clear perception and cultivated
mind were joined to a most loving and lovable
nature, united with deep religious feeling. She
had also the delightful companionship of her
brother Barclay, one of the most charming men
of his day, who associated with Thomas Carlyle,
John Stuart Mill, Frederick Maurice, John
Sterling, Dr. Calvert, William Edward Forster,
Charles Kingsley, and other thinkers. From
these men, probably, he received some of those
views of a happier condition for the w^orking
classes, which stimulated his sisters' efforts to
help their poor neighbours. Such attempts at
that time seemed to many unpractical ; but
thanks partly to the exertions and perseverance
we are recording, some of these dreams have
passed into the region of visions fulfilled.
The philanthropic world was thus opened to
A. M. Fox's sight. The literary and scientific
world also came before her, through her father s
and her brother's friendships, and through the
* "Memories of Old Pricnds : Caroline Fox," Horace N.
Pym, 1882. Smith, Elder & Co.
many interesting acquaintances which the family
circle made among the searchers after truth in
Nature at the various meetings of the British
Association. Indeed, their friends and visitors
included many of the most distinguished men
and women of their time.
Strong religious conviction seems early to
have impressed upon Anna Maria Fox that the
world, so full of sin and darkness, could only be
solidly improved by becoming Christ's kingdom.
She and her sister, as young women, were
both attractive and graceful. Anna Maria's
active mind and body found no hours too long,
and no exertion too heavy or too great, to carry
out the object she had in view. She was evi-
dently determined to act her part in " making
the world better than she found it."
She adopted by conviction the religious
principles in which she had been brought up.
She was a Friend at heart ; a regular and earnest
attender of Friends' meetings for worship, in
which sometimes her voice was heard in loving
exhortation, or more frequently in humble,
fervent, and very reverent prayer. She was
seldom absent from meetings held in the service
of the Church, in which she took a quiet part^
often with a good and appropriate addition, and
ANNA MARIA FOX.
sometimes with a proposed omission, happily sug-
gested, to some draft report or minute.
Hers was no narrow Christianity. She
cordially welcomed to his new sphere of the
bishopric of Truro, Benson, afterwards Arch-
bishop of Canterbury ; and a life-long friend-
ship with him and his gifted wife was the
result. The Nonconformist minister, with his
personal trials and his church troubles, might
often be found receiving both sympathy and
help in the drawing-room at Penjerrick.
It is almost impossible to enumerate the
many objects of her thought and care. She was
seldom absent from the annual meeting of the
Falmouth Auxiliary Bible Society. When in
London in Fifth Month, she travelled from
meeting to meeting with an assiduity which few
had the strength or zeal to undertake.
In Falmouth, the number and variety of her
objects would have alarmed anyone not possessed
of her activity and indefatigable zeal. The poor,
whether in their cottages or in the workhouse, she
had indeed always with her. The Sailors' Home,
where her knowledge of foreign tongues made
her presence invaluable, was a constant call ;
the British School, at work or at prize-giving ;
the Coffee Tavern, to keep the poor sailors whilst
44 ANNUAL MONITOR.
in port from the orgies of the public-house ; all
these had not merely her countenance and sub-
scription, but her never-failing personal atten-
dance with a punctuality seldom attained, but
which is essential to the accomplishment of the^
objects desired in a busy life.
The "Maria Camilla" Training School for
poor girls must not be lost sight of. It was
started with funds earned as subsistence money
for bringing home shipwrecked sailors, by a.
Portugese ship of that name, which the owners
declined to accept. For many j^ears this useful
institution had her constant care.
The poor in surrounding villages had much
of her personal thought and presence, and the
little Mission Room which she put up in Budock
village was always very dear to her heart. In
addition to the religious services therein, it has
been the scene of many a brilliant lecture, given,
by members of her rare circle of friends and
A quiet little Bible class and mothers'
meeting held weekly at Bareppa, a village not
far from Penjerrick, was conducted by her for
many years, and the members looked upon her a&
their unfailing friend.
The care of the blind was specially dear to-
her, as it had been to her sister.
ANNA MARIA FOX.
The drawing-room meetings at Penjerrick^
most skilfully arranged by her, were quite a
feature in her life, and dealt with many catholic
objects : The Universities' Mission to Africa,
Mc All's 'French Mission, the Missions to the
Jews, Miss Weston's Sailors' Institutes, Women's
work. Prevention of Cruelty to Children and
Animals, and the great causes of Peace and
Temperance, all found beneath the roof tree of
Penjerrick welcome sympathy and aid.
One instance of her generosity must not be
omitted : The Rector's Rate at Falmouth, levied
under an old Act of Charles II., up to one and
fourpence in the pound, had long been a
grievance to all classes. Many Friends objected
to it on principle, and declined to pay it, and
had their goods seized and sold. At one of these
distraints a large quantity of furniture was taken
from the house of one of her younger relations,
and sold by auction. Anna Maria Fox's agent
attended the sale, and bought it. In the evening
it reached its previous location. A note was left,
asking the recipients " kindly to give it house
room until she required it."
Anna Maria Fox, her sister, and father were
not unfrequent travellers abroad. In 1863 they
went to Spain, with the representatives of
other countries, to intercede for the release of
Matamoros, who had been imprisoned on account
of Protestant views. Caroline Fox records they
accomplished more than their most sanguine
In 1880 Anna Maria Fox visited the Holy
Land with three lady friends, and brought back
treasures of local recollections to throw light on
Bible passages. In 1884 she had a most
interesting visit to Canada and the United
States, on the occasion of the meeting of
the British Association at Montreal. The follow-
ing year she visited many of the West Indian
In a sketch like this we may be allowed to
dip a little deeper into the more sacred inner
and home life of so interesting a character.
" Trials must and will befall,
But with humble faith to see
Love inscribed upon them all,
This is happiness to me."
The sorrows of her own life no doubt made
her the w^arm, sympathising friend that so many
found her. In 1844 her dear brother Barclay
was married at Darlington, amidst the congratu-
lations of two large family circles, to Jane
ANNA MARIA FOX.
'Gurney, the eldest daughter of Jonathan and
Hannah C. Backhouse. The charm of the
bride's presence and manner, and her high tone
of character were widely known ; and with such
a husband as Barclay Fox, there seemed every
hope of a long united life of usefulness and
happiness. In 1855 Jane Gurney Fox was left
a widow ; her husband had been suddenly seized
with a fresh attack of the chest disease for
which he had sought the milder climate of
Egypt. He died in a temporary resting place
in one of the old rock tombs on the borders of
the desert. He was buried in a cemetery near
Cairo ; a slab of Cornish granite, sent out from
home, marks the spot. But how much hope,
love and aflfection were buried in that grave no
tongue can tell. Barclay Fox's widow, four sons
and one daughter became the loving care of his
family. In 1858 Maria Fox, A. M. Fox's dearly
loved mother, passed away. In 1860 Jane G. Fox
was laid to rest under the tall, dark cypresses of
the cemetery at Fau, to which neighbourhood she
had gone in search of health. Robert Were Fox
and his two daughters made a home for the
orphan boys, so much endeared to them, whilst
their sister lived with her uncle Edmund
Backhouse (and is now the widow of Horace
Pym, who compiled the excellent memoir of her
aunt Caroline Fox). Through all these bereave-
ments the faith of Anna Maria Fox never failed
her, but it was often with a sad heart that she
bravely carried on her chosen v^ork.
In 1871 came the greatest sorrow of her life.
Caroline, her companion sister, had for some
time been gradually fading, and in the early
spring of that year she died. For the next six
years Anna Maria Fox was the devoted com-
panion of her aged but still active father, and
after his death in 1877, for twenty-one years she
lived at Penjerrick, making it a haven for her
kindred or friends. There was no change in her
work ; she was still as bright and cheerful, still
gave as warm a welcome as when she was
surrounded by those so dear to her ; always
ignoring herself and her own cares, and giving
every visitor her sympathy in theirs, her converse,
and her hospitality.
One who knew her intimately describes her
thus most accurately : — " I have often admired
her wonderful tact, in always appearing to be at
leisure. This was quite a talent ; for, however
many irons she had in the fire, her beautiful
courtesy enabled her to seem always free to
listen to the most tiresome or the most insignifi-
ANNA MARIA FOX.
cant people, especially if they wanted any tiling
Few episodes in the life of her friends
could be more treasured than a visit to Penjerrick
on a summer's afternoon — hearing and sharing
in her conversation, illustrated by many portfolios
of pictures and her own excellent sketches —
looking down the lovely lawn, planted with trees
sent to her father from all parts of the globe —
hearing the history of each, its habits and its
development — watciiing the sunlight strike the
passing sail on the not far distant sea ; whilst
the parrot, the cat, the dog, and the marmoset
shared her kind word or the caress of her hand.
Then came this walk to her Convalesent Home,
about a quarter of a mile away ; a few minutes
with the matron, a chat with each patient, a
word of cheer and hope, and she would sit down
quietly and either read herself or ask her visitor
to read out of her well used Bible ; then her
quiet " good bye," and off home, and out again be-
fore long for some evening meeting or social duty.
Age crept quietly upon her. The sight failed
graduall}^, but there was no complaint. Her
mental powers were clear to the last day of her
life ; her self-eifacement and loving thought
for others characterised her dying bed.
She was buried in the pretty, quiet, country
Priends' burial ground at Budock, near her
father's and mother's resting place, and beside
that sweet sister Caroline, on whose grave she
had tended the roses through six and twenty
years of separation.
Such is a short history of the life of Anna
Maria Fox. It was beautiful in its simplicity,
edifying in its humble faith, wonderful in its
activity for many good objects. By the grace
of God through her long life she never deviated
from one straight road — the way that leads to
that crown " laid up for all those who love the
Lord J esus Christ in sincerity."
^' So long Thy power hath blest me, sure it still
Will lead me on,
O'er moor and fen, o'er crag and torrent, till
The night is gone.
And with the morn those angel faces smile,
Which I have loved long since, and lost
Joseph John Fox,
Oeorge V. Frankish,
Oldhury^ near Dudley
76 15 12mo. 1897
60 30 llmo. 1897
54 4 6mo. 1898
Mary D. Freestone, 79 20 7mo. 1898
Francis Frith, 75 25 2mo. 1898
Reigate, A Minister.
Francis Frith, the only son of Francis and
Alice Frith, was born at Chesterfield, Derbyshire^
on the 7th of Tenth Month, 1822.
At an early age he was sent to school at
Birmingham, to William and Hannah Lean ; and
afterwards, according to the custom of the times^
he was bound apprentice to William Hargreaves^
cutler, of Sheffield. When Francis Frith was
about nineteen years of age, William Hargreaves
was called avvay to Scotland on very important
business, which threatened to seriously involve
him, leaving the whole care and management of
the Sheffield business in the hands of his young
apprentice. This duty he fulfilled to the entire
satisfaction of his employer. But the strain
upon him was too great, and for a long while his
health and nervous system suffered seriously, and
a time of deep spiritual depression followed.
Then occurred the great change of his life, which
he ever after looked upon as a most wonderful
manifestation of his Heavenly Father's love and
condescension. He never kept a journal, but
in a poem he was writing only a short time
before his death, he thus describes the
Much, then, in dire extremity, I mused
On sin, and judgment, and the after life.
No man, I think, laid to my charge ill deed ;
But my own heart condemned me, and I knew
That if forgiveness and good hope should come,
And a clear vision of the way of Life,
They must come straight from heaven, no lower
The river that can slake a spirit thirst.
Must be the crystal from the throne of God.
Doubtless, I said. He will reveal Himself :
But will He come as Judge implacable.
Or as the Father, in Christ's parable,
Took to His arms and heart the wanderer ?
Often, deep sunk in torrent of my woe,
I passionately echoed " God is love ! "
He gives His best to man ! He gave His Son !
Save me, Son of God, most merciful !
Heal my sick soul, as Thou wert wont to heal
The fever-stricken folk in Galilee.
In vain ! Was ever prayer in vain.
If God but gave the grace to utter it ?
Whilst yet the prison gloom clung round my
And Hope was preening her dusk wing for
A gentle sense of pardon and of peace
Stole over me, I asked not wheDce or how.
If, waking from a troubled night of storm,
You can mistake, with open eyes, the dawn
Of a fair cloudless day. If Lazarus
Could doubt the Voice that called him from the
Then, in that perfect calm of reasoned sense,
Might I have doubted my deliverance.
I know not if 'twere as a lightning flash,
Or if for hours the blissful transport grew.
It was no vision, no ecstatic trance.
O'er mastering the sense of common life ;
But rather as a noiseless breath that stirs
The summer leaves, that tiie glad summons came
To my astonitihed ear, to rise and go
Straight to the Father's arms, who welcomed me,
day of days ! the birthday of my soul !
Oft as my pen has trembled o'er these lines,
My inmost heart has bowed in reverence
And tearful gratitude to Christ my Lord,
Who showered such joy on His poor prodigal.
After a time of complete relaxation and
travel, and when his health was re-established^
Francis Frith commenced business in Liverpool
as a wholesale grocer. In a few years this was
relinquished. His love of Nature, and his desire
to see fresh scenes tempted him to the East, " to
the home of the Pharaohs, the land of the Nile."
He was the first Englishman to photograph its
temples and scenery. Besides the beautiful
pictures he brought back, he collected a number
•of old Egyptian and Greek legends, which he put
into verse to enliven a lecture he afterwards
wrote to describe the journey up the river, and
which he gave on various occasions, dressed in
his Eastern costume, to schools and other
On his marriage in 1860, Francis Frith
settled in Reigate as a photographic printer and
He first spoke as a minister in the year
1867, and was recorded as such by his Monthly
Meeting. He travelled in Scotland and in
Cornwall and Suffolk with the Yearly Meeting's
Committee, and made many journeys with his
beloved friend William Pollard, in the cause of
Peace, which was very dear to his heart ; often
on First-day afternoons addressing large congre-
gations, when the loan of a chapel could be
obtained. He also, at various times, visited the
families of Friends in different meetings, and
gave lectures on the distinguishing characteristics
of the Society. Many testimonies have been
received to the help his ministry has aflEorded.
One Friend writes : " As one who had for many
years the privilege of listening to Francis Frith,
I should be glad to express to you my deep
sense of the value his preaching has been to me,
and the great personal loss that I feel in knowing
that I shall not listen again on this earth to his
stirring and yet loving words of counsel and
encouragement. It may be well that there
should be different kinds of preachers, to reach
the different kinds of mind and character. He
certainly reached mine ; and it seemed to me, if
I may be permitted to say so, that he had the
true Friendly power and spirit which appeals to
the best side of a man's character, to the
witness within," and instead of treating his
hearers as being, in large measure at least, in the
wrong way, seeks to inspire them and lead them
onwards in the upward path."
Francis Frith was from his earliest youth
keenly alive to the beauties and influences of
Nature ; and in his later life, when unable from
failing health to engage in much active service,
he found great relief and refreshment in sketch-
ing the picturesque scenery of the Riviera?
where, with some members of his faniily, he
spent his last ten winters. His health gradually
became more feeble ; he suffered intensely at
times from most distressing sleeplessness ; but
those who saw him in his home life can testify
to the unfailing sweetness and patience with
which he bore his many infirmities. A lady, an
occasional visitor, wrote after his death : " Mr.
Frith always struck me as being so eminently
ready to go, and as having such an intensely
real faith in another life. He always struck me
as not only believing but acting as though this
life were merely the preparation for another
fuller, higher life." It was this faith, to the
shield of which he says, " I cling till death,"
that was an anchor to his soul, sure and steadfast.
The end came suddenly and unexpectedly
to the watchers. A few days of great suffering,
then relief from many of the more distressing
symptoms of his illness, and comparative ease
and comfort, and the hope of recovery ; when,
without a struggle, and with his head resting on
the bosom his love had so infinitely blessed for
nearly thirty-eight years, he passed to " where
beyond these voices there is peace."
He was laid to rest in the beautiful Cannes
cemetery on the 28th of Second Month, 1898,
many friends of different nationalities testifying
to the love and regard in which they held him.
Joseph S. Fry, 85 16 Imo. 1898
Robert Garside, 62 11 6mo. 1898
Ann Gilchrist, 82 28 5mo. 1898
Grange^ Co. Doioii.
Lucy Gill, 51 22 7mo. 1898
Achivortli. Wife of Joseph John Gill.
The oft-quoted words, " In the midst of life
we are in death," were sadly exemplified in the
sudden removal of Lucy Gill in the prime of a
happy and useful life. A severe illness in the
early spring, which appeared at one time to bring
her very near to the confines of eternity, warned
her friends that the thread of her life was but
loosely held. Yet she seemed to be making a
very satisfactory recovery ; and the change from
Ackworth, at the school vacation, to the rest and
quiet of her old home in Surrey, was apparently
bringing complete restoration to health. Her
medical advisers had recommended sea air, and
a trip to the Channel Islands was contemplated.
Before starting, a day was to be spent at
Brighton ; and those who were with her there
noticed how exceptionally bright and active she
appeared. The fine sea air always invigorated
her, and she enjoyed a walk on the front, and
finally went on the West Pier, to accompany to
the steamer her brother and some of her children
who were going for a short sea trip, intending to
return honae with her husband. But shortly
before the departure of the boat, she was suddenly
stricken down by an epileptic seizure, similar to
one she had had three months previously ; but
this time there was to be no recovery. She was
carried to the house of some kind friends in the
town, who had known her from girlhood, and
there she lay in a state of almost entire uncon-
sciousness for nearly three days, till she was
released by the hand of death. Pneumonia had
set in, and in spite of the best medical advice
and the unremitting care of skilled nurses, her
breathing rapidly became more and more laboured
and her strength ebbed away.
Her remains were laid to rest in the quiet
little graveyard adjoining the Ifield Meeting-
house, on the borders of Surrey and Sussex,
where she reposes amongst her own people, her
grave being next to that of her father who died
only. two years before her, at the ripe age of 95,
nearly double the span of life alloted to his only
Lucy Gill was born at Crawley, in the
autumn of 1846. Her parents were old-fashioned
Friends, and she was inclined in her younger
days to chafe a little at what she regarded as the
unnecessary restrictions imposed upon her ; but
she was ever ready, in after life, to acknowledge
the great debt of gratitude she owed them for
the guarded home-training she had received.
She was educated at the Friends' School at
Croydon, and al ways retained most pleasant memo-
ries of the happy days she spent there.
After spending some years at home, assisting
in the ordinary duties of housekeeping, and
learning from the efficient teaching of her mother
those lessons in thrifty housewifery which were
to be so valuable to her in years to come, she
was married in 1874 to Joseph J. Gill, who was
then establishing a private boarding school at
Kedhill, near Reigate, within a few miles of her
In this new sphere her talent for household
management found ample scope, and she efficiently
assisted in the teaching of some of the younger
boys. After ten years the school was transferred
to other hands ; and the handsome present of a
service of plate from her old scholars, together
with the kindly words which accompanied it, bore
testimony to the love and esteem with which she
was regarded by those who had been entrusted
to her walcl)ful care ; and since her decease, one
of them, writing from Denver City, says ;
60 ANNUAL MONITOK.
" How well I remember her dear, cheerful way
of encouraging me ; how she used to sit by my
bedside, and talk with me, as very few but a
mother would have done."
After leaving Redhill, the family removed to
Croydon, and here, as her husband was engaged
in private teaching, she was free from the cares
of school-keeping, and was able to devote herself
more fully to the charge of her five children, and
found some leisure for other interests, such as
temperance and political work. She was, for
several years, an active member of the Croydon
branch of the British Women's Temperance
Association, and she soon became one of the
vice-presidents of the Croydon Women's Liberal
Association, and president of the Central Ward.
These activities were seriously interrupted
by a severe illness, which confined her to her
room for about eighteen months ; but she con-
tinued to take an intelligent interest in the course
of events in the outside world, being particularlj^
attracted by social questions ; and for some years
she was a member of the Fabian Society.
On her husband's appointment to a post at
Ackworth School, the family removed thither in
the summer of 1891. She very much felt the
change from the active life of Cro^^don, with its
many and varied interests, to the more restricted
sphere at Ackworth ; but she always greatly
appreciated her connection with the intellectual
and social life of the school, and highly valued
the friendships that were formed during her
seven years' membership in Ackworth Meeting.
Though naturally of a serious turn of mind^
and viewing life, perhaps, rather more from the
side of its responsibilities than of its pleasures,,
she readily threw herself into the spirit of
innocent recreation, and was always the life and
soul of any party of boys or girls which met at
her house. She was ever " smart " at games
requiring skill, and at one time was very fond of
cards, but the knowledge that one of her former
pupils had gone astray from a love of gambling^
decided her never again to touch a card, lest by
her example she should be failing to ''avoid all
appearance of evil."
Lucy Cheal had never taken any prominent
part in religious service, though she did at times
confess to a feeling of condemnation for having
omitted to say a few words in meetings for
worship. But she felt that her chief service lay
in the quiet example of a life devoted to her own
domestic duties, whilst not neglecting to take
advantage of opportunities for privately saying a
" word in season."
■62 ANNUAL MONITOR.
Her great desire for her children, and for all
who were dear to her, was that they might know
the same assurance of acceptance through the
Saviour that she herself experienced, and that
their lives might be wdiolly devoted to His
service. For this she often most earnestly
pleaded at the family altar.
Her ministry in her own household, both
by the ever present example of an entirely unself-
ish devotion to duty — often hard and distasteful,
and performed amidst much physical weakness
and suffering — and the consistent walk with God,
evident both in word and deed, has been such as
can never be effaced from the memories of those
who were privileged to enjoy her daily com-
William Gilliver, 66 29 6mo. 1898
•George E. Gilliver, 29 9 Imo. 1898
BirmiiigJicun. Son of William and Mary Ann
Thomas Glaisyer, 89 4 2mo. 1898
IValter Goodwin, 59 10 9ino. 1898
Mary Fisher Gough, 64 29 12mo. 1896
Fairtnew^ Duhlifi, Daughter of Josiah R. and
Alexander 0. Green, 23 31 5mo. 1897
Melbourne^ Victoria. Son of Joshua Green.
John Green, 64 4 7mo. 1898
William E. Green, 67 10 Imo. 1898
Besshrooh. An Elder.
Anna B. Gregg, 85 21 3mo. 1898
Hannah Grimshaw, 77 8 2mo. 1898
Raiodon, Wife of Charles T. Grimshaw.
John B. Grubb, 74 20 lOmo. 1897
Charlotte Guy, 72 10 5mo. 1898
Bradford. Widow of William Guy.
Anne Hall, 66 18 7mo. 1898
Cootehill. Wife of Robert Hall.
John Hardy, 69 9 2mo. 1898
Francis R. Harrington, 34 8 2mo. 1898
Eliza Harris, 83 9 12mo. 1897
CocJcermouth. Widow of Joseph Harris.
Reginald Harrison, 2 13 9 mo. 1897
Roehamipton. Son of Charles and Ellen H.
Winifred M. Harrison, 6 29 3mo. 1898
Kendal, Daughter of Henry and E va Harrison.
Alice C. Hartas, 45 23 3mo. 1898
St. Peter's Road^ Londo?i.
Isabella Hartley, 61 4 2mo. 1898
Boiviiess^ Windermere, Widow of Thomas
Eebecca Haughton, 82 14 4mo. 1898
MaryHaydock, 64 11 3mo. 1898
Charles Head, 78 7 3mo. 1898
Elizabeth A. Heath, 70 25 4ino. 1898
Birmingham. Wife of John Heath.
Matilda Henley, 70 13 12mo. ^ 1897
Pechham. Wife of John Henley.
Thomas S. Hicks, 70 20 6mo. 1898
Elizabeth Hodgson, 74 21 lOmo. 1897
Heaton Moor^ Ilanchester, Widow of Thomas
Richard Holdsworth, 80 10 3mo. 1898
Sandal, near WaJcefield,
Susan Horne, 77 15 2mo. 1898
John Hosktnson, 52 7 3mo. 1898-
Anna M. Hoyland, 68 20 2ino. 1898
King's Nortofi. Wife of William W. Hoyland.
Edgar M. Hutchinson, 15 13 7mo. 1898
Haslemere. Son of Alice and the late Edward
Christopher Jackman, 72 24 5mo. 1898'
Elizabeth Jackson, 70 28 2mo. 1898'
Calder Vale. Wife of Shadrach Jackson.
Robert G. Jackson,
Edward W. T Anson,
Gertrude M. I'Anson
Leeds. Widow of Joshua J. Jennings.
About twenty-five years ago, a scholar in the
Friends' Adult School at Leeds lay on his death
bed. He had not long been connected with the
School, and he only then found out, what so
87 17 3mo. 1898
40 6 5mo. 1898
38 1 4ino. 1898
53 30 3mo. " 1898
79 3 12mo. 1897
49 19 12mo. 1897
many discover at the last moment, that he had
made no preparation for the great change before
him. He was visited by more than one of the
teachers, and it is believed that, before he passed
away, he found peace and reconciliation with
God through Jesus Christ.
The chief mourner at his funeral was his
young widow, Susannah Jennings. To her the
message of salvation came with added power at
this sorrowful time, and she resolved then and
there to give her heart to that Saviour who
Joved her and had given Himself for her.
Having no child and few relations she went
back to the small home of her parents, supporting
herself, and in part supporting them, by working
at a flax mill.
Meanwhile her thoughts turned with loving
interest to the Friends who had pointed herself
and her husband to Jesus, and she became a
regular attender of Friends' meetings.
It was about this time that the principal
gathering of the Society of Friends in Leeds
was removed to Woodhouse Lane, as the old
meeting-house was no longer central for the
majority of the members. There were, however,
a few members too old or too feeble to walk up
to the new meeting-house, and for their con-
venience, as well as for the sake of continuing
the schools in the district, an old singing and
dancing room was engaged, where, besides the
schools, a Friends' meeting was held on First-
day mornings, and a mission meeting in the
evenings. The morning meeting was held for
some time under discouragement, as the atten-
dance was small, and the teachers had to consider
the possibility of having to close it. There was
one person, however, never absent, and that was
S. Jennings. She was no preacher, in the
ordinary sense of the word, but her heart could
not contain the sense of the love of God to her
own soul, and she felt constrained to speak of it
to others. A Friend who occasionally attended
these meetings, still recalls the freshness and
heart-stirring sincerity of her offerings, though
twenty years have since passed away.
Meanwhile her home life was not an easy
one. Her father was mostly ill, and unable to
work, and her mother was a chronic invalid, and
the support of the family depended almost
entirely on their daughter. Living in one of a
row of small cottages, looking out upon a blank
wall, in a densely populated part of the town,
her outward surroundings were not attractive.
But there was light within ; Susannah's heart
overflowed with praise, which found expression
in the singing of hymns. At the factory close
by she was a general favourite, because she was
always ready to do a good turn for every one ;
and she was sometimes called " The Good
Samaritan," and at others "The Singing Pilgrim,"
as nothing ever came amiss to her. She was
deeply interested in the spiritual well-being of
the young people of her acquaintance, and all
those connected with the schools. She would
say, " You see I work among them, and I know
what terrible temptations they have ; I do so
long to help them all I can." Visitors to her
home in the evenings frequently found some of
them sitting with her, and some were largely
influenced by her example. One now resident in
China wrote to her as follows : — " Sometimes
when everything seems dark and discouraging
here, and I have felt almost ready to give way
to despair, the thought of your faith and patience,
and cheerful thankfulness for small mercies, has
been like an inspiration to me, shining out of the
gloom. I have ever felt it was one of my
greatest privileges to have known you ; and when
you are gone I shall still treasure you in my
heart in loving remembrance."
As years wore on Susannah's circumstances
became worse. Her father died, leaving debts
amounting to over £40, and these his daughter,
by great self-sacrifice, managed to pay. The
mother became wholly paralysed, and was thus
dependent on the frequent attentions of her
daughter by day as well as by night. But the
managers at the mill were very kind, allowing
her to come to her work or to stay away when
needful. It was at this time that she had a
great trial of faith, when the mill where she
worked had to be closed, as the flax trade had
left the town. What should she do ? But her
Heavenly Father provided for her, as the part of
the mill in which she was employed was re-
opened by a new company, by whom she was
treated with as much kindness as by her old
employers. The neighbours were kind in helping
to nurse the mother, but they got weary with
the frequent calls for help. Some friends
provided the money to pay for a nurse during
two or three nights in each week, but, even with
this alleviation, Susannah's duties were very
heavy. They were, however, performed with
the utmost love and cheerfulness. She once
said, " You know my mother is very heavy, and
when we are alone, I could not possibly lift her
in my own strength ; but we just pray together,
and God always gives me at the time just the
streng-th that I need."
During the last three years of her mother's
life S. Jennings was seldom able to attend
meetings. This was a great privation, but still
she felt that God was with her at her home.
One of her greatest pleasures was when she
could occasionally get to the quarterly meetings
of the Christian Fellowship Union. Her utter-
ances at these times will long be treasured
in the hearts of her fellow-members. She
would frequently rise with a hymn, such as —
"Simply trusting every day,
Trusting through a stormy way ;
Even when my faith is small,
Trusting Jesus, that is all."
After it had been sung she would stand up and
tell of some of the straits into which she had
been brought, and how help had always come
just in proportion to her needs. At these times
her face was radiant and triumphant, and it
would seem as if she got a glimpse into that
land where faith is changed into sight, and
prayer into praise. Then she would add, " Oh !
I cannot tell you how good God has been to
me ! " and would sit down shedding tears of
At last the poor mother passed away, and then
S. Jennings's friends hoped that there was a
time of comparative rest and comfort in store
for her. But it was ordered otherwise. At first
she went back to the mill, but her attendances
became shorter and shorter, until she was unable
to go at al], for consumption had set in. She
spent a considerable part of the year 1896 in
various Convalescent Homes, but without any
permanent result, and in the spring of 1897
any hope of recovery was given up by all but
herself. A comfortable home was found for
her in the midst of those who loved her, and she
wanted for no outward comfort. During the
last few weeks several of her friends took turns
in being with her at night. She had a strong
clinging to life, and it was not until about three
weeks before the end that she was able to give
up hope of recovery, and from her heart to say,
Thy will be done."
Her dying words were not many, as the
power of speech seemed almost taken away. To
one she said, " What a privilege it is that I have
not to seek Christ on a death bed." The xxiii.
and ciii. Psalms were often with her, and her
favourite hynms, "Jesus lover of my soul,"
and "I feel like singing all the time," were
often sung to her. Her last words were, Come,
Lord Jesus, I give myself to Thee then she
fell asleep to wake in Heaven.
John Johnson, 87 3 4 mo. 1898
James Kenway, 86 27 4mo. 1898
James Kenway was born at Bridport in
1811, and was the son of Peter and Deborah
Kenway. After leaving Ackworth School he
was first employed at the Neath Abbey Iron-
works, but left this business for that of a corn
and flour merchant. He was generally esteemed
for his kindliness of disposition, and his readiness
to help anyone in trouble, as many can testify.
In 183G he married Elizabeth Thomas. He
enjoyed good health until the last three years of
his life, when he suffered from a sudden attack
of giddiness from which he never really
recovered, but was only confined to his bed for
the last three months. His sweetness of charac-
ter, and patience in suffering were beautiful to
witness. Never once did he allow a murmur to
escape his lips, but constantly expressed deep
feelings of gratitude for all his mercies. He
died on the 27th of Fourth Month, at the residence
of his daughter, at the age of 86.
WILLIAM A. LOVELESS.
James E. King, 25 18 lOmo. 1897
SoiUhport. Son of James and Margaret King.
Alexander La^mont, 80 18 9mo. 1898
KilmcmiocJc. An Elder.
Frances A. Lawrence, 79 27 3mo. 1898
Liverpool. Widow of William M. Lawrence.
Robert J. Lecky, 88 11 llmo. 1897
Ladhrook Road^ London.
Susanna Lesley, 76 11 6mo. 1898
Pahefield. Wife of Piirsglove Lesley.
Henry K. Lewis, 75 30 Imo. 1898
Croydoii, A Minister.
Mary W. Levingston, 32 8 llmo. 1897
Rathgar, Dublin, Wife of J. W. Levingston.
Arthur H. Lidbetter, 21 4 12mo. 1897
Wigton, Son of Martin and Eliza Lidbetter.
Samuel S. Lingford, 66 10 Imo. 1898
Sarah Linley, 79 15 12mo. 1897
Highbury. Widow of William Linley.
William E. Lloyd, 49 7 6mo. 1898
Barnt Green^ Longbridge.
Elizabeth Lockwood, 84 3 7mo. 1898
Bristol. Widow of William Lockwood.
William A. Loveli^ss, 50 14 lOmo. 1897
Diss. A Minister.
William Alger Loveless was the youngest
child of Robert and Jane Loveless, of Diss,
Norfolk, where he was born in 1848. His parents
were Wesleyan Methodists, his father being for
many years an active member of that society and
an acceptable local preacher.
Under the influence of pious parents, he w^as
very early made sensible of the visitation of
divine love. He was as a child of a very quiet,
retiring disposition, and, being delicate, was kept
much at home. His parents resided near the
Friends' Meeting-house, and he often watched
Friends going to their week-day meeting, and a
great desire to attend the meeting took hold of
him. When at last he did so, he was deeply im-
pressed with the mode of worship. He obtained
permission of his parents to attend the meeting,
on condition that he attended the early prayer
meeting at seven o'clock at the Wesleyan
Chapel, the Sunday school in the morning and
again in the afternoon, also the evening service
and prayer meeting at its close. All this he
willingly did, rather- than miss the Friends*
meeting, which, although so young, he thoroughly
enjoyed, even when it w^as held entirely in silence.
He also took a lively interest in reading
Friends' books, especially biographies, and he
read the "Annual Monitor" with much pleasure.
WILLIAM A. LOVELESS. 75
William A. Loveless' school days were few,
and at an early age he was placed as an errand
boy in the office of a solicitor at Diss, where,
with zeal and great perseverance, he rose to a re-
sponsible position, which he held for many years.
He very soon began to work in the Lord's
service, devoting his spare time to visiting the
poor and holding cottage meetings with them.
He also held classes for girls and young men, and
frequently attended a meeting held on First-day
evenings in a farmhouse at Dickelbourgh, then
occupied by Frances Dix, where he first was led
to speak as a minister.
At the age of nineteen, W. A. Loveless was
received into membership by Tivetshall Monthly
Meeting, after which he commenced a Sunday
school at the Meeting-house.
In 18(39 he had a very serious illness, when
his life was despaired of ; and very touching it
was to see, each morning, many anxious little
faces waiting outside the gate to hear tidings of
the teacher to whom they were so attached.
He was, however, favoured to recover, and
as soon as health permitted, he felt called to
religious service within the limits of his Monthly
Meeting ; but it was a great trial of his faith
that he had not the unity and sympathy of all
his fellow members in bis metbods of workiog,
as be bad from a cbild believed bimself divinely
called to labour in tbis part of tbe Lord's vine-
yard. He was, bovvever, greatly belped by
loving counsel from Josiab Brown, of Norwicb,
and otber Friends. It was about tbis time tbat
be bired a disused cbapel in Diss, and witb tbe
assistance of otber Cbristian workers, maintained
a First-day afternoon meeting tbere, wbicb was
In 1877, witb a minute of Norwicb Montbly
Meeting on Ministry and Oversigbt, be undertook
religious service witbin tbe compass of tbat
meeting. Leaving bis office on Seventb-day
afternoons, be would go to Norwicb, wbere be
greatly enjoyed tbe society of valued Friends,
and on First-day would go and bold two or tbree
meetings in Nortb Walsbam and otber places,
returning to Norwicb for tbe nigbt, and bome
early next morning to business.
In 1881 be was recorded a minister by Tivet-
sball Montbly Meeting. A minute was granted
bim in 1882 for visiting some of tbe small
meetings in bis Quarterly Meeting, and bolding
public meetings, cbiefly in closed meeting-bouses.
Speaking of tbis time, be said : " I cannot
express tbe joy I bave felt in being engaged in
WILLIAM A. LOVELESS.
this service, and reverently ascribe all the glory
to Him who, I believe, called me to engage
In 1884, on the 3rd of Twelfth Month, he
was married to Pleasance Jannett Brame, of
Darrow Wood Farm, Diss, a happy union of
In 1886, on the death of his employer, his
business engagement terminated, and W. A.
Loveless became a worker in connection with the
Friends' Home Mission Committee. From that
time he devoted himself entirely to religious and
philanthropic work, his labours being greatly
valued in the meetings at Diss, Diss Heywood,
Tivetshall, and Tasburgh. As the outcome of
his efforts it became necessary to enlarge the
Meeting-house premises at Diss, and a com-
modious and comfortable building was erected,
in which a First-day School for Children, Band
of Hope, Adult School for Men, and other
meetings were held.
Many and varied were the services in which
W. A. Loveless was engaged. He was especially
qualified for visiting the sick, the dying, and the
In 1894 he was elected a member of the
Board of Guardians, standing first in the number
of votes, an office in which he took great interest,
having to rise early on Second-day morning and
drive a distance of eight miles to attend the
Board meetings, a duty which he always fulfilled
when health and circumstances permitted. He
also took great interest in the inmates of the
workhouse, and there his visits were greatly
A few extracts from the many letters of
sympathy received by his widow from those out-
side the Society of Friends show the general
appreciation of his work and character :
A clergyman of an adjoining parish writes :
" No man will be more missed ; we may, indeed,
call him a ' man greatly beloved,' for he was a
most earnest, visitor amongst the poor, carrying
his Master's message from door to door. Almost
his last words to me were : ' My work is chiefly
visiting amongst the sick and poor.' He has
gone from amongst us, but he has gone where
many will welcome him, who are indeed stars in
his crown. I shall greatly miss him ; his life
was thoroughly consistent, and he has left
behind a very high example."
From a lady of the Established Church :
But the comfort you are able to have in looking
back at all the good to his fellow creatures Mr.
WILLIAM A. LOVELESS.
Loveless did and tried to do ! His, I am sure,
will be a crown with many bright stars, by his
being the means of bringing many to the love of
Christ, and to the knowledge of their sins for-
given through that precious Saviour. I always
found your dear husband willing to help me, for
I many times have asked him to visit those who,
I felt, wanted leading on by one who had had
more experience than I had. The result of those
things will be revealed at the last day."
Another writes: "1 know that many will
mourn the loss of your devoted husband ; but
surely for him it is but an entrance into life
more abundant. His work on earth is finished ;
the fruit will be seen hereafter, when we shall
rejoice together, giving glory to our King, who
doeth all things well."
Early in 1897 our dear friend had an attack
of influenza, from which, not being strong, he
never fully recovered, and for some time he
complained of pain and weakness, his condition
affording anxiety to his friends. It was thought
that rest and change might be beneficial ; but
before this could be arranged, a fresh attack set
in on the 9th of Tenth Month ; pericarditis and
other dangerous symptoms followed, which
in a few days proved fatal.
But although the call came somewhat sud-
denly, we reverently believe our dear friend was
fully prepared. Very striking was his Jast
sermon from Can. v. 16: "Yea, He is altogether
lovely ; this is my beloved, and this is my
friend"; and the last hymn he joined in singing
was from J. S. Fry's " Selection of Hymns and
Spiritual Songs :
" Thine eyes shall see the King in His beauty.^'
I've wrestled on toward heaven,
'Gainst storm, and wind, and tide.
Now, like a weary traveller
That leaneth on his guide,
Amid the shades of evening.
While sinks life's lingering sand,
I hail the glory dawning
From Immanuel's land.
With mercy and with judgment
My web of time He wove.
And aye the dews of sorrow
Were lust'red with His love :
I'll bless the hand that guided,
I'll bless the heart that planned,
When throned where glory dwelleth
In Immanuel's land.
Oh ! I am my Beloved's,
And my Beloved is mine !
He brings a poor vile sinner
Into His " house of wine."
WILLIAM A. LOVELESS.
I stand upon His merit,
I know no safer stand,
Not e'en where glory dwelletli,
In Immaniiel's land.
The bride eyes not her garment,
But her dear bridegroom's face ;
I will not gaze at glory.
But on my King of grace ;
Not at the crown He giveth,
But on His pierced hand :
The Lamb is all the glory
Of Immanuel's land.
The life of our dear friend was one of much
self -denial. It was always with difficulty that
he could be persuaded to take much-needed rest.
During the first few days of his illness his mind
was actively engaged in trying to arrange to help
others, and it was only as his sufferings increased
and became very acute that he gave it up ; and
then, when praying, if it pleased the Lord to
give him rest, if not, patience, he added : " And
not only me, but all Thy suffering children."
His prayer was answered on his own behalf ; for
although his pain was great, yet not a murmur
escaped him, and he was very grateful for all
that was done for him. He desired to be spared
for the sake of his dear wife and children ; but
as it became evident that he could not recover,
he trustfully resigned them to the loving care
of his Heavenly Father. As strength permitted,
he talked much to his loved ones, exhorting them
to put eternal things first. He spoke of
his dismissal as going home, where he had long
placed his affections, as expressed in the following
lines, which he often repeated :
I want by my aspect serene,
My actions and words, to declare [seen,
That my treasure is placed in a country un-
That my heart's best affections are there.
Shortly before the close unconsciousness
ended his sufferings, and he peacefully passed
away from the service of earth to the higher
service of heaven.
The funeral, whfch took place in the quiet
little grave-yard at Diss, was a very solemn and
impressive time. The esteem in which he was
held was strikingly manifested by the large con-
course of people of all classes who assembled to
pay the last tribute of love and respect to his
Charles C. Lucas, 52 26 3mo. 1898
Gisborne, New Zealaml.
Elizabeth Lucas, 96 29 Imo. 1898
Hitchin. Widow of William Lucas.
WilliamW.MacCormack, 29 21 12mo. 1897
Elizabeth Maginnis, 64 18 8mo. 1897
Dublin. Wife of William Maginnis.
Cecil Massey, 25 27 5mo. 1898
Nottingham. Son of John B. and Emma
Maria Matthews, 60 9 3mo. 1898
Southe7id. Widow of James Matthews.
Benjamin J. Maw, 90 5 Imo. 1898
Eleanor Mayo, 64 26 7mo. 1898
Hitchin. Wife of George Mayo.
Susanna Midgley, 81 27 lOmo. 1897
William Milligan, 71 26 2mo. 1898
Mary Milner, 86 22 Imo. 1898
Penrith. An Elder. Widow of John P.
Georgiana Moates, 79 17 3mo. 1898
Isabella Morris, 84 5 2mo. 1898
Kingstown. Widow of James Morris.
Ernest Mulliner, — 11 8mo. 1897
William Nash, 28 2 6mo. 1898
XJarhe vi Cartmel. Son of William R. Nash.
William Nash, though a very steady, careful
young man, was one among the many who have
been drawn away from their English homes by
the glowing reports coming from the wonderful
Klondyke gold region. Although his friends
knew that it was at much risk that he went out
for such a venture, he did not go without their
consent, when he left Liverpool with one com-
panion in the Third Month, 1898. Things went
fairly well with them as far as Skagway in Alaska ;
but hardships and exposure and extreme exertion
in the blizzards of the dreaded White Pass
proved too much for him, and he reached Lake
Bennett very poorly. His illness increasing he
decided to return, and by great effort and deter-
mination again crossed the Pass and reached
Skagway very ill. He was removed from
the hotel where he had taken quarters, to the
hospital, where he was under good medical care,
and attended by well trained nurses ; but the
skill and care were unavailing, and general peri-
tonitis having set in, he died on the 2nd of Sixth
His medical attendant writes that his suffer-
ings at times were very severe, but he bore all
with remarkable fortitude and patience, and
never failed to express his gratitude for e very-
kind attention. He was conscious to the last,
and said he was ready to go ; and passed away
His grave is in the cemetery of Skagway,
on the bank of the river. Close by it there stands
a tall pine tree, on a " blazed " part of which his
doctor inscribed his name, and age, and date of
John H. Nichols, 61 1 2mo. 1898
Rose Nicholson, 76 8 4mo. 1898
Sarah Nicholson, 59 6 6mo. 1898
Sunderkuid. Wife of Herbert Nicholson.
Hannah Norton, 73 3 8mo. 1898
Pahefield. Widow of William H. Norton.
Frances M. Nuttall, 55 13 lOmo. 1897
Hannah Payne, 79 16 Imo. 1898
Bolton. An Elder. Widow of William Payne.
Lucy M. Payne, 79 1 11 mo. 1897
Olto7i^ Birmingham, Widow of Thomas
Ellen A. Peake, 77 24 9mo. 1897
William H. Pearson, 60 30 3mo. 1898
Rachel A. Pearson, 55 25 12mo. 1897
Bowling. Wife of William H. Pearson.
Sarah Pearson, 72 26 2mo. 1898
Wigton. A Minister.
Arthur Pease, 61 27 8mo. 1898
Marshe-hy-tlie-Sea., Yorhsliire. A Minister.
Arthur Pease was the third son of Joseph
and Emma Pease, of Southend, Darlington, and
was born there on the 12th of Ninth Month, 1837.
He became one of a happy family of twelve
brothers and sisters, in a home that was well
known, not only in the Society of Friends, but
in a much wider circle.
As a child he was somewhat delicate, and
received that maternal care which happily so
frequently attends such children. This produced
a very close mutual attraction between mother
and son, and made him acutely feel her death in
He was educated at Tottenham School.
Naturally of a quiet and amiable disposition, he
passed through this early probation as a favourite
with his fellow pupils, and with those who had
the charge of his education.
Leaving school in 1853, he entered upon the
family business, and became a most useful
member of the firm in which his father, uncles,
and elder brotlier were engaged. It is not,
however, with his business avocations that a
memoir for the " Annual Monitor" is concerned.
It is with the history of that inner life which is
often hid from the world, but which is revealed
in a man's life and works and words. There is
no doubt that whilst at school the influence of
the Holy Spirit on his young heart led him to
abhor that which was evil, and to cleave to that
which was good.
During his early life, the death of his
younger brothers had a decided influence on his
character. He was impressed as he stood by
their graves, and marked the vacant places at
the table and hearth, with the uncertainty of
time, the certainty of death, and the need of
preparation for the life to come. He evidently
felt himself to be " a stranger and a pilgrim,"
seeking " a better country, that is a heavenly.'^
To those who knew him intimately he always
seemed to sit loose from earthly things. He
enjoyed life, entering into all its interests, social,
municipal, political, philanthropic and religious ;
but he evidently looked with steadfast gaze on
the life beyond, treating things here as temporal,
and the things eternal as those that endure.
With this substratum of character — whilst in
business he had a most excellent and honest
judgment, and in philanthropy and politics a
warm interest — he never was absorbed in details,
or in those close investigations which would
distract his time and thoughts from the higher
aims on which he had built his life. It may be
said that he was devoted to the endeavour to
promote Christ's kingdom on earth. His engage-
ments were numerous. A regular attender, during
his early life, at our religious meetings, he took
a useful but not a very promineut part in meetings
for discipline, acting as clerk at home, and
assisting at the desk in the Yearly Meeting, where
his quiet, serious manner, his good presence, and
well regulated voice Avere much appreciated.
He was acknowledged as a minister on the
12th of Eleventh Month, 1874, and his invitations
to accept the grace of God which brings salvation
were warm-hearted and sincere. But Arthur
Pease's were no narrow views on religious
observances or beliefs. By conviction he was a
Friend ; and whilst those most dear to him trod
other relgious paths, he held to those views in
which he had been early educated and which
made him a Friend, without feeling that they
were in any way separated in things essential
Giving up his Darlington home, he removed
for the last few years of his life to a house on the
Yorkshire coast, built by his father. It was
situated in the Cleveland iron-mining district.
He generally attended our meetings in the morn-
ing of First-days. In the evening he frequently
occupied the pulpits of various denominations in
the town or mining village, and occasionally
aided the Vicar of Marske in reading the lessons
of the day in Holy Scripture. The testimony as
to the manner in which these services were
received, and as to the real good that was, through
the divine blessing, given to the souls of his
hearers, is wide and emphatic.
He was elected member for the Borough of
Whitby in the parliament of 1880-5. He was
not a frequent speaker in the House of Commons,
but served most usefully and diligently on public
and private Bill Committees. When he did
address the House, it was generally clearly to the
point on matters with which he was by experience
acquainted. In 1895 he again entered parlia-
ment as member for Darlington, as a supporter
of the Unionist party. His sympathies were
intensely with Ireland. . He deplored the condition
of the peasantry, and the trials which the sad
social state of the country brought upon all
classes. To one of his most intimate friends,
who was speaking to him of the difference of
opinion between himself and others dear to him,
he said, " I would give my life for Ireland to-
morrow, if the sacrifice would make a happy-
Ireland." With these views he felt it his duty
to dissent from Mr. Gladstone's measures on
Home Rule, and to support (not without appre-
hension that there might occasionally be some
tension of his views on other subjects), the
Conservative or Unionist party.
He was Mayor of Darlington in 1873-4. He
was chairman of the Durham County Council,
and for many years chairman of the committee
having charge of the County Asylum. In these
offices and many others he showed that love to
mankind which is begotten by the love of God to
He married on the 14th of Fourth Month,
1864, Mary Lecky, the daughter of Ebenezer and
Lydia Pike, of Besborough, Cork. His family
consisted of three sons and four daughters.
They formed, as they grew up, part of that
united family circle of their name in and around
Darlington, who regarded their father with much
affection, and received his love in return.
But life here, however pure, however
complete, however valuable to family, neighbours,
and country, has its end. Arthur Pease's family
friends and neighbours could not but feel anxious
about a life so dear to them, as they noticed
failing health, and a waning physical force. He
was quite aware of the fact ; and although able
still to discharge his public and private duties, he
frequently alluded to his life here as uncertain.
Death in his own family was a sore trial to
himx. In Tenth Month, 1896, his daughter Rosa,
who had been long in delicate health, died in the
faith of the humble Christian who confides in a
loving Saviour's sacrifice. She was buried in the
little churchyard of Marske by the Sea, where the
cross over her grave could be seen from her
father's windows. He bore the bereavement as
a Christian ; but those who loved him noticed
how much he felt it. Still he followed his
usual occupations with conscientious assiduity.
Late in Seventh Month, 1898, he went to
speak at a political meeting at Callington in
Cornwall. Whilst there he was seized with a
sudden addition to the physical weakness under
which he had suffered for some months past.
The physicians called in took a serious view of
his case ; he knew it and said, " I desire to die as
a Christian." All fear of death was taken away
from him. Faith in the blood of Christ — the
sense that his sins were pardoned — was over all.
For many days hope and fear influenced those
about his bed. There seemed at one time such a
rally, as gave reason to hope that he might at
least be removed to his own house by the sea,
where he so much longed to be ; but such was
not permitted. On Seventh-day, the 27th of
Eighth Month he passed, as we reverently trust, to
the many mansions already prepared for those
that love their Lord.
On Ninth Month 1st he was buried in the church-
yard at Marske, beside the child he had loved so
w^ell. It was a striking scene ; the open grave,
the tributes of flowers, with hundreds of neigh-
bours and friends around the grave. The peer,
the peasant, the miner, all came to show respect
to one who had shared their labours, and many
to bear witness to the power of his ministry.
The ministers of the Society of Friends, and those
of the Established Church stood side by side at
his grave in all harmony, and each spoke that
which was given him to say. How beautifully
appropriate are the words: "Therefore my beloved
brethren, be ye steadfast, unmovable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as
ye know that 3'our labour is not in vain in the
HANNAH I. PRICE.
Sophia Phillips, 62 9 6mo. 1897
Maria PiM, 57 16 12ino. 1897
Clechheaton. Widow of Samuel Pirn.
Elizabeth Pontefract, 73 5 -2mo. 1898
Weaste, Manchester. Widow of Simeon Ponte-
Esther Powell, 71 9 12mo. 1897
Croydon. Wife of William Powell.
Hannah I. Price, 64 2 6mo. 1898
Neath. Wife of Charles S. Price.
" In sweet and hallowed memory of one
w^hose life was love." These words were truly
chosen as a tribute to one whose loving influence
will not cease, we believe, to be felt for many a
year, in the little circle in which she moved,
whose ''bright example" is still before those
to whom it unconsciously spoke of the " grand un-
selfishness" which underlies all real Christianity,
and whose tender and helpful sympathy in the
sorrows and difficulties, as well as in the joys
and interests, of those around her, will be long
and sorely missed.
It was her humble trust in her Lord and
Saviour, and the love and strength which were
given her from on high, which made her what
she was : for whilst she was ever ready to
acknowledge, I can of mine own self do
nothing," she could at the same time reverently
testify, " I can do all things through Christ
which strengtheneth me."
Hannah Isabella Price, or, as she was
generally called, " Annabella " Price, the eldest
daughter of the late Joshua and Hannah Richard-
son, of Neath, was the wife of Charles Struve
Price, of Bryn Derwen, Neath. As daughter,
wife and mother, as well as in all the other
relationships of life, she was characterised by a
thoughtful and unselfish love and care for those
around her, for whom, whatever their need or
their condition, we believe it may be truly said.
She hath done what she could."
From her earliest girlhood it seems to have
been her prayerful desire to
^' Follow with reverent steps the great example
01 Him whose holy life was ' doing good,'
So that ' the wide world was her Father's temple ;
Her loving life a psalm of gratitude.'"
She was never strong, and in her youth
passed through some very serious illnesses ; but
her mind was active, and she was always ready
to enter with interest into what went on around
her, and to take her share in anything that had
to be done, which called for labour and thought ;
HANNAH I. PRICE.
contriving many a little bit of help or happiness
for others out of things which seemed to have
but little capability of contributing either.
As she grew to womanhood she became
more and more fond of study, and her books
were dear to her, especially poems. But though
she herself often wrote verses which, as years
went on, became the poetry in which the music
of love and sympathy, of sorrow and joy, was
heard, and which were penned with the prayer
that they might comfort some saddened heart,
or bring home to the happy ones a yet deeper
sense of the sacredness of some heaven-sent joy,
she always spoke very humbly of these writings,
and it was often difficult to persuade her to read
or show them to others.
In her early married life she had occasion
sometimes to make use of homoeopathic medicines
in the household, and finding the little globules
such safe and efficacious remedies for any
childish ailments or feverish attacks, and es-
pecially for any afEections of the eye, she soon
began to dispense them to the wives and children
of the colliers in the district, and to be known
amongst the poor people and others as a doctor
who charged nothing, and who delighted to give
time, thought, and medicines to help cases
brought under her notice. So numerous did
these cases at last become, that for many years
she set apart every Second-day morning to attend
to them, giving to each the consideration and the
medicines required ; and thus she often found
opportunities for giving the cheering word of
tender sympathy, or the timely counsel which
would help some poor wandering one to turn
into the right way. And when the poor people
who came for help or medicine did not come at the
specified time, she never allowed herself to con-
sider these unexpected guests as unwelcome
visitors, but setting aside her own convenience,
would endeavour as far as possible to help them,
often saying, " I can't bear that one should go
In the spring of 1890, she and her husband
and daughters, while travelling in New Zealand,
happened to be staying in the lake district of
South Otago, at a little wooden hotel near the
beautiful Diamond Lake, in a lovely place called
" Paradise," which lay beneath snow-capped
Earnshaw, in the silver-threaded valley of the
Dare, when a terrible accident happened — the
little daughter of the hotel-keeper fell into a
large tub of boiling water, and was fearfully
scalded ; and, to make matters worse, the young
HANNAH I. PRICE.
mother, hardly knowing what she did, in her
distress plunged the child into cold water, so that
in addition to all the suffering the poor little
thing was now seized with convulsions. The
nearest doctor — living forty-seven miles away —
was out of reach, so A. Price did all she could
for the little sufferer, sharing with the poor,
distressed mother the long nights of anxious
nursing, and by the use of homoeopathic medi-
cines and the " Carron oil " was, humanly
speaking, instrumental in saving the cherished
little life. Some weeks afterwards she received
the good news that little Lily was quite well, the
grateful parents writing that they owed her
recovery to Mrs. Price.
While health and strength were granted, she
loved to visit the homes of the Welsh colliers
and their families, letting them feel that she was
not merely a district visitor, who was in a dif-
ferent position from themselves, but a loving and
sympathising friend, to whom they could tell
their troubles and difficulties, sure of her help
None could enter more tenderly and
reverently into the grief of the broken-hearted
or bereaved ones than she did, weeping with
those that wept, yet pointing them to the hope
beyond, and gently reminding them to ask that
those who were left might be enabled to live in
that love of God which should one day grant
them also an entrance into the Home where
partings are no more.
But it was not only the " dear poor people "
who turned to her as a friend. In other ranks
of life also, the aged and the feeble, the anxious
mothers, or the happy little children, the young
people with all their lives before them, found in
her a sympathising friend.
Many an oft repeated little saying of hers
has been treasured up by these : " Keep the love,
dears ; whatever we do, let's keep the love."
" Do not let us do anything uncharitable."
" Life is not long enough for quarrels," she
would say, if anyone brought her a complaint
against others ; or if in her presence anything
was said to the discredit of someone, she would
beg that nothing unkind might be said, and say
it is wiser to talk of things rather than people.
To young people just setting out in life, she
would give the text, " Seek ye first the kingdom
of God and His righteousness," reminding them
that all things needful would be added, and
that even if troubles or anxieties came they must
remember that the Lord will provide ; " it may
HANNAH I. PRICE.
not be my way, it may not be thy way, and yet,
in His own way, the Lord will provide."
If any cumbered with a load of care came
to share their burden with her, she would remind
them that life is only one day at a time, and if
our Heavenly Father gives us strength for that
one day, we may be sure He will for the next ;
and we know that the promise is, " As thy days,
thy strength shall be." And when, as the years
went by, trials and bereavements fell to her own
lot, she was able to testify that God is our
refuge and strength, a very present help in
trouble. And when the clouds were lifted and
the brightness which lay behind them was
revealed, she could adopt the language of the
ciii. Psalm, always the last portion of Scripture
read in the family circle every First-day
evening, " Bless the Lord, oh my soul, and for-
get not all His benefits : Bless the Lord, oh my
soul, . . . Bless His Holy Name !"
Her heart had for many years been far from
strong, but it was not until Second Month, 1896,
after a severe attack of influenza, that its extreme
weakness became apparent ; and although, in
the summer of that year, she recovered sufficiently
to be able to go for quiet drives, she was unable
to meet with the dear friends who in former
years she had welcomed beneath her roof, and
who gathered at the Neath Quarterly Meeting.
In the following spring she was again very
ill, and had to spend nearly the whole of the
winter of 1897 in her room. From that time her
health gradually but surely declined, and the
pain which she suffered was at times almost
insupportable, as well as the distressing attacks
of breathlessness w^hich occurred again and again
through the long and weary nights. Yet she
often said that her long illness had been one of
the happiest times in her life. When able to do
so, she loved to busy herself in knitting gifts for
invalids or little children, and in sending
messages of love or helpful little parcels to the
poor and the needy, and this especially at her
last Christmas time, which she said had been the
happiest she had ever spent ; with her own hand
addressing needed envelopes, and writing the
But as the months passed by, and spring
once more came round, and tenderly touched
with living green the brown and once leafless
trees, whose gentle waving to and fro she loved
to watch from her quiet room, and as it became
evident to her that this was probably the last
spring-time she would spend on earth, she
HANNAH 1. PRICE.
quietly did what she could while time and
strength remained, in the way of leaving " all
things in order," and every labour of love accom-
Through all her great sufferings, through
breathless nights and weary days, it was her
prayer that she " might be kept patient." And
truly the angel of His presence was with her,
granting her, even in the midst of suffering, His
peace and comfort, and not only a resignation to
His divine will, but also a bright and cheery spirit.
Very often she would ask to have read to
her the xxxiv. Psalm and some of her favourite
hymns, and especially " In heavenly love abiding,"
by A. L. Waring, and the beautiful poem " St.
Paul," by F. W. H. Myers, which comforted and
soothed her when all outward help seemed use-
less, particularly the lines,
" Yes, through all life, through sorrow and
Christ is sufficient for He hath sufficed ;
Christ is the end, for Christ was the beginning,
Christ the beginning, for the end is Christ."
When too ill to be fully conscious, she
would murmur to herself fragments of the
beautiful hymn, " Rock of Ages," over and over
again repeating the lines,
102 ANNUAL MONITOR.
" Nothing in my liand 1 bring,
Simply to Thy Cross I cling."
And again, " It's not from any works that I have
done, it is just the other way. According to His
mercy He saves us ; and yet, for even the little
things He gives His loving reward."
During the last few days of her life all her
family were with her ; and the morning before
her death she asked that they all might gather
by her bedside, when she took of them a most
beautiful and touching farewell, full of love and
blessing, her face radiant with " the light invisible
of a land unknown," and transfigured by the
foretaste given her of the dawning joy of
She was scarcely able to speak much after
this, and next morning she passed away. As those
who loved her looked upon her countenance
lighted up with peace and unspeakable joy,
it seemed to them as they gazed that she, being
dead, yet spoke to them, saying, silently, not
only " I shall be satisfied when I awake with
Thy likeness," but ^'I am satisfied."
When, a few days later, the long funeral
procession wound its way down from the quiet
home of Bryn Darwen to the little graveyard of
the Friends' Meeting-house at Neath, as a
HANNAH I. PRICE.
Friend, who addressed those who gathered round
her grave, said truly, " There was hardly one
amongst the sorrowful crowd who had not in
some way been helped or cheered by her loving
ministries, or had not been the better for having
known her." For, although her life was one that
was hid with Christ in God, it was also a
^' living epistle known and read of all men,"
bearing many a message of comfort and of love
to those around her, and teaching them to wish
that they might follow in the gentle footsteps of
one who followed the Lord and Saviour in whose
love she trusted, and unto the glory of whose
name she desired to live ; for, in life and in
death, her soul could truly say, in the language
of the hymn she loved, and which was read
beside her grave.
In heavenly love abiding.
No change my heart shall fear,
For safe is such confiding.
And nothing changes here.
The storm may roar without me.
My heart may low be laid.
But God is round about me,
And can I be dismayed ?
Wherever lie may guide me,
No want shall turn me back ;
My Shepherd is beside me,
And nothing can I lack.
104 ANNUAL MONITOR.
His wisdom ever waketh,
His sight is never dim ;
He knows the way He taketh,
And I will walk with Him.
Green pastures are before me,
Which yet I have not seen ;
Bright skies will soon be o'er me,
Where the dark clouds have been.
My hope I cannot measure ;
My path to Life is free ;
My Saviour has my treasure,
And He will walk with me.
Elizabeth Priest, 74 5 Imo. 1898
Hannah Priest, 80 10 9mo. 1897
Joseph Priestman, 61 13 Imo. 1898
Sarah J. Priestman, 30 21 4mo. 1898
Carlisle. Daughter of Joseph and Mary
Sarah Pritchard, 69 12 lOmo. 1897
BesshrooJc. Widow of Thomas Pritchard.
Samuel Pryer, 75 19 5mo. 1898
Anna S. Procter, 54 12 llmo. 1897
" Only they would that we should remember
the poor ; which very thing I was also zealous to
ANNA S. PKOCTER.
do." Gal. ii. 10. These words come freshly to
mind ia remembrance of the subject of this
little sketch, as we see her in imagination,
propped with pillows, her brown hair loosely
flowing over her shoulders, her dark expressive
eyes lighting up, and her whole face animated as
she eagerly watches the unfolding of parcels sent
in for the use of her dear invalids. One would
not dream that her suffering had been such,
that her limbs were cramped, and that one foot
could never touch the ground again.
Anna S. Procter was the daughter of the
late Joseph and Elizabeth Procter, of Newcastle-
on-Tyne. At an early age she showed symptoms
of a delicate constitution, and though for a short
time she was well enough to go to a private
boarding school, her health soon gave way and
she became a confirmed invalid. She suffered
intensely in her eyes ; and this together with a
tendency to weakness of the spine, was the cause
of so much nervous prostration, that for years
she could not bear to see any but the members of
her own family. Her mother was her constant
and ever self-sacrificing companion and attendant,
bestowing and receiving in return a wealth of
affection that to both of them greatly mitigated
the privation of the attendant circumstances.
At last there came a lull in the intensity of
the pain ; and though still confined to bed, with
no hope of being ever again able to walk,
gradually she became strong enough to see her
friends and relatives, though only for a few
minutes at a time. During these years of suffer-
ing, the religious life and experience, which in
after days was to prove such a boon to other
" shut ins" and invalids, was gradually unfolding
and developing. The sweet patience of her
spirit, added to the natural gentleness of her nature
and her genial sympathy, transformed her sick-
room into a chamber of light, and a veritable
haven of rest.
Her heart went forth in intense longing to help
others in similar, but less favoured circumstances ;
and as she thought of those poor ones in New-
castle, tossing on hard beds, in uneasy heat and
sleeplessness, the idea suggested itself to her
mind, to have a store of desirable articles, and
Joan them out to such as were needing assistance :
water beds, easy chairs, warm blankets for the
winter, pictures and Scripture texts to cheer and
help, supplemented by dainty food, etc.
Beginning in a small way in the year 1881^
others, like-minded with herself, quickly heard
of her plan, and proffered further aid. A com-
ANNA S. PEOCTER.
mittee was formed of which she was the secretary
and treasurer. This had already been in opera-
tion some years on a small scale, when, through
a lessening of her own suffering, she was able to
take a still more active part in enlarging the
work of the " Invalid Loan Society," of which
she had been the initiator.
The sixteenth annual report of this societ}^,
which A. S. Procter brought out in the spring of
the year in which she died, has an apt quotation
from Whittier on the title page,
^' Hands that ope but to receive.
Empty close. They only live
Richly, who can richly give."
In gratefully thanking the many contributors to
the work of the association, the report goes on
to say that a long cherished desire had at length
been realised, and a holiday house had been
rented on a sunny hill-side in the country, for
convalescents and others requiring rest and
change. The number of holidays provided
during the year had been larger than ever
before, and extracts are given from grateful
letters received from participants in the help
The blessing attendant upon her labours
was widely felt ; and after her death, a few of
her friends, wishiog to perpetuate her memory,
resolved to work for the purchase of a small
holiday home on the above lines, where the
convalescent branch of the society's labour
could be permanently carried on, and which
should go by the name of " The Anna S. Procter
Memorial House." The circular sent out was
generously responded to, and a house has been
bought in a beautiful location, which is now
furnished, and doing its work of recruiting
Anna S, Procter was exceedingly warm in
her attachment to personal friends, and the tie
of relationship was held very dear. A few
extracts from letters may serve to illustrate her
beautiful and many-sided character.
Alluding to the death of her mother, she
wrote : " This is Sunday afternoon — a hard, hard
time ! We cannot help going back in mind and
heart to that other Sunday nine weeks ago. The
great loss of that day seems somehow to prepare
one for any change or loss that may come.
Change of any kind used to look strange and
almost practically impossible ; we lived so long
all together so quietly. But now anythhig seems
possible. I think I had too much settled down
in a sort of unconscious security, and clinging to
ANNA S. PROCTER.
an earthly love — earthly? Can anything so
sweet and tender and true he called so ? "
In 1883 she wfote : " We were very much
interested in hearing that Uncle Isaac is coming
home so soon (after his seven years' journey).
I should think he will feel a little like Rip van
Winkle when he gets among his grandchildren,
they will be so much altered; only he has cer-
tainly not been asleep in the meantime. It is
rather curious to think I have been lying on this
bed ever since he went away, except a few hours
in the garden, and in other beds, for spring
In regard to the prospect of Isaac Sharp's
world-wide mission in 1890, at eighty-four years
of age, she observed : " Before I saw him and
heard his wonderful history, I thought — almost
hoped — that the meetings would not forward his
designs. But after — well — I don't think any
true, loyal-hearted Quaker could be bold enough
or craven enough to oppose what bears the
impress of a real commission from the King.
"J. and I have very much enjoyed reading
* All sorts and conditions of men,' by Walter
Besant ; the style and the thoughts were very
* Isaac Sharp was A . S. Procter's uncle by marriage.
new to us. I felt very great pity for both the
writer and Angela and Harry, when I thought of
the low standard of joy and pleasure that they
possessed, and read of all their painstaking
endeavours to make people happy, which yet fell
so far short. And then, their unblushing false-
hoods ! they were indeed Jesuitical in this
respect. But with all their faults we loved them
still, and delighted in reading of their wonderful
In a letter to a cousin about to take a long
journey, she wrote : " I have been reading over
again a most consolatory passage in ' The
Diurnal ' about separation : see August 22nd. [It
alludes to the fact that thoughts and sympathies
are perfectly independent of geography.] I
like to think of the waters being in the * hollow
of God's hand ! ' Uncle Isaac's traveller's Psalm
(cxxi.) will often be turned into a prayer for
Then in the first letter written after the
arrival in the distant land : " It is strange I have
been so long a time in beginning to write to
thee. The idea of sending a letter so far has
somehow a tendency to make one feel as if one
must write a thoroughly complete, well considered
epistle, and wait for an opportunity when one
ANNA S. PROCTER.
has plenty of time to devote to it. But this is a
false instinct, and I don't mean to let it influence
me any more. An impromptu letter straight out
of the heart, and with every-day occurrences and
passing thoughts dashed down on the paper just
as they come into one's head, is of course far
more calculated to take a real bit of oneself over
sea and land to our dear far away^ near friends.
. . . When I look back on the time since the
morning we parted from you, it seems very full
and very busy. I suppose well people think of
my life as one of monotonous invalidism, while
to me it is full of business and variety.
" We had a garden party here lately in
connection with the Invalid Loan Society. Many
of the invalids had been renovated at the nice
little lodging at Riding Mill. If they had all
belonged to the upper ten they could not have
behaved more beautifully ; but I feel sure that
they do belong to a far more exalted upper ten
than is generally alluded to in that phrase —
they were mcli nice people. They had tea at a
long table under the trees. It was a beautiful,
breezy, sunshiny day. I was there in my garden
wheeler — the first party I have attended for how
many years I cannot tell. There was an al fresco
concert in the evening. The piano was out in
the croquet ground, and two ladies came and
sang beautiful hymns. One of the most appre-
ciative auditors was a little baby a few months
old, who was in a state of great delight, hands
and eyes dancing to the music ; while another
about the same age. just sat like a log. J., being
unable to mix with our guests, wrote them a
letter of greeting and consolation — a very
neighbourly letter with ver}' happy religion in it.
L. read it aloud after tea, and the reading was
followed by a murmur of applause, culminating
in a blind woman's voice, saying, ' beau -ti-ful.^ *
I think I shall never forget that blind woman —
such a patient face she had, and such a life of
contented toil she seemed to lead all in the dark
— only the light of trust shining round her. She
has a large family, some of whom she has never
seen, and she does the washing and baking for
Friends travelling in the ministry were
frequent visitors at the bedside of Anna S,
Procter. Her remarks in regard to them not
only show her appreciation of the visits, but her
ready descriptive power, and a sympathetic
understanding of people which was characteristic
of her. Of one she wrote : " Xoble indeed she
is in no common degree, and in as large a degree
ANNA S. PEOCTER.
is she humble and gentle and loving. Her
prayer was exceedingly pure and spiritual. In
features and complexion it is possible she may
be considered plain, but the varying expressions,
always good, but so different, so animated and
responsive, make it difficult to realise that such
may be the case."
Of another : " Her face is indeed an eloquent
sermon on the 'peace that passeth understanding.'
The expression round the mouth was indes-
cribably lovely. The day after she had been
here I came upon a poem of Whittier's, which,
with one little alteration exactly fits :
<t <• Thy grace is in her patient eyes,
Thy words are on her tongue ;
The very silence round her seems
As if the angels sung.
Her smile is as a listening child's.
Who hears its mother's call ;
The lilies of Thy perfect peace
About her sweet lips fall.'
" I think such an one as this is a living
proclamation, si.gned and sealed by the King
Himself, that ' God is love.' "
In another letter she wrote : A little
bookmark before me has on it my best beloved
Revised Version alteration : ' Blessed be the Lord,
who daily beareth our burden.' ' Oz^r,' that must
mean all who will surrender themselves and all
their burdens to Him. It's fijie ! "
For the last few months before the end
came our dear sufferer endured untold agonies.
When free from pain she liked to be read to.
The day before she " flew away and refused to
come back again," she had the day's portion read
to her from her dearly loved copy of " Daily
Light." This was the last scripture she heard :
" Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep
thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place
which I have prepared." . , . "0 send out
Thy light and Thy truth, let them lead me ; let
them bring me unto Thy holy hill, and to Thy
tabernacles. Then will I go unto the altar of God ;
unto God my exceedimg joy ; yea, upon the
harp will I praise Thee, God, my God." A
breath of heavenly consolation swept over with
what was read, and she said, " That is beautiful^''
in a tone of the deepest content.
And now her friends love to think of her —
all suffering past — realising the triumphant truth :
In Thy presence is fulness of joy, at Thy right
hand there are pleasures for evermore."
Charlotte Ramsden, 58 4 lOmo. 1897
Cleckheaton. Wife of Job Ramsden.
EICHARD B. RUTTER.
William Eaven, 52 18 6mo. 1898
Feering^ near Kelvedon,
MaryRheam, 65 22 7mo. 1898
Claugliton^ Birkenhead. Wife of Henry C.
Mary Anne Roberts, 84 21 12mo. 1897
William R. Roberts, 67 31 3mo. 1898
Ann Robinson, 77 23 Imo. 1898
Didshury^ Mancliester. Widow of Edmund
John Robinson, 85 16 llmo. 1897
Eliza RosLiNG, 60 14 7mo. 1898
Hatfield Peverell^ near Chelmsford. Wife of
Richard B. Rutter, 72 18 9mo. 1898
Bedlandj Bristol. A Minister.
Richard Ball Rutter was the son of Samuel
and Elizabeth Rutter, and was born in Bristol in
1826. He was a younger member of a large
family of sons and daughters, only one of whom
f?urvives him. His mother was a sister of the
late William Ball, of Rydal. His grandfather,
Thomas Rutter, was an esteemed minister in
Bristol in the last centur3\
There is scarcely any record of his early
years. When he was quite young a love for
poetry manifested itself, and being encouraged
by his mother to learn pieces by heart, and
having an excellent memory, his mind was
stored with Scripture and hymns, and this was
invaluable to him in later life. On the death of
his father, when R. B. Rutter was nineteen years
of age, the family removed to Shotley Bridge^
Durham, and he found employment in a bank at
In 1854, with some other members of the
family, he emigrated to Australia, and was fur-
nished with a certificate of membership signed
by upwards of thirty Friends of Newcastle
Monthly Meeting, the list being headed by the
venerable George Richardson.
The rough life of the colony was little
suited to his taste, and he returned to Newcastle
at the end of two years. Here he made his
home for upwards of thirty years, and was again
engaged in a bank in the town.
In 1863 he married Anna Maria Clapham,of
Newcastle. It seems probable that between the
time of his return to England and his marriage
he experienced a marked change in his religious
life, but he does not appear to have left any
RICHARD B. RUTTER.
record of this. In 1860 he believed it right to
be baptised and to partake of the " Supper," and
deemed it his duty to send in his resignation of
membership with Friends. Tliis was not, how-
ever, accepted, and in after years his opinion on
these points was entirely changed.
In later years R. B. Rutter was in the
practice of writing a short summary of the
principal events, of the year, both public and
private. From these records may be traced
eome of his religious experiences during the last
thirty years of his life. He began to speak in
meetings for w^orship at Newcastle in 1870, and
was recorded a minister in the following year.
At the close of that year is the following record :
In January, 1870, I repeated the First Psalm in
meeting, and have continued to repeat passages
of Scripture, sometimes with and sometimes
without remarks. I hope to be allowed to con-
tinue this little work, though I do not always
find it an easy or a pleasing duty. I began it
principally for the sake of two near and dear
persons. 1871 — I have continued to quote
Scripture and make remarks in our meetings for
worship during this year. What I now want is
matter, experience, something to tell that is
worth hearing, and that may do real good. This
is to be obtained by deep inward work and
fervent prayer." In 1874 a relative wrote to
him : " I cannot tell thee the help thy ministry
has been to me for months past."
Some years later he writes : " My idea of the
relative importance of ministerial qualifications
is : First, personal piety ; second, a call from
God ; third, deep scriptural knowledge ; fourth,
personal experience ; fifth, sympathy ; sixth,
hunger for souls ; seventh, good sense and tact ;
eighth, clear speech and free speech ; ninth,
human learning." In the early years of the
exercise of his gift he frequently alludes to the
training of his voice.
R. B. Rutter was a man of impulsive
temperament and much versatility, and the
character of his ministry was no doubt influenced
by his natural endowments. As was remarked in
a notice in " The Friend," his style was highly
original, sometimes almost dramatic, with illus-
trations culled from his own experience or
reading. He often concluded with repeating a
hymn in a very impressive manner. His reading
was of a varied character, and in later years he
studied Greek, in order to ascertain the true
sense of the New Testament in the original tongue.
Some of his friends might not always agree
RICHARD B. RUTTER.
with all he said, but he may be truly described
as a faithful minister of Jesus Christ.
A friend of R. B. Butter's has furnished the
following communication : " It is, I suppose,
something like twenty-six years ago that our
meeting at Newcastle was — I will not say
agitated, but — gently swayed to and fro by a
proposal to read the Bible in our meetings for
worship. Most of the younger generation were
in favour of the suggestion, but one or two of
our oldest and most esteemed Friends deprecated
the change. I need not say that this was not
from any want of love for the Bible on their
part, but only because they feared lest pre-
arrangement and the institution of a Calendar of
Lessons might interfere with the freedom and
spirituality of our worship. After two or three
meetings and conferences the matter was settled
by the withdrawal of the proposal, as the young
and middle-aged Friends felt that it would be
selfish to press for a change which would
evidently be so painful to their older brethren.
We were richly rewarded for this little act of
Christian courtesy. I think it was on the next
Sunday after the first debate that Richard B.
Rutter rose from his seat at the further end of
the meeting, and repeated slowly and with deep
feeling the magnificent sixty-third chapter of
Isaiah (' Who is this that coineth from Edom
with dyed garments from Bozrah?'). The
effect was most impressive, far more so than any
ordinary reading of the chapter. For Kichard
Butter was, as we all now know, essentially a
poet ; and more than most poets, he had studied
not merely the composition but the right utter-
ance of poetry. In his case Mrs. Browning's
dictum was not true :
' Poets ever fail in reading their own verses to
For the echo in you breaks upon the words which
you are speaking,
And the chariot wheels jar in the gate through
which you drive them forth ';
for he had a wonderful power of rendering both
his own and other men's poetry with the right
emphasis and intonation. Thus it was that the
glorious poetry of Isaiah seemed to acquire fresh
beauty and deeper significance when recited to
us on that Sunday morning by our new minister.
For some months, I think, R. B. Rutter mostly
confined himself to the mere repetition of pas-
sages, sometimes pretty long passages, of Scrip-
ture. He had a splendid memory, strengthened by
long practice in learning by heart the works of
EICHARD B. RUTTER.
our English poets (I believe he could repeat
many scenes, if not whole plays of Shakespeare) ;
and, as he used often to say at this time, too
modestly, ' I have but the one talent of memory,
but I will devote that to the service of the
Church.' How the one talent made many more
like it : how the simple repetition of inspired
Scriptures gradually grew into a most rich and
varied 'gift in the ministry' I must leave other
pens to describe. My mind goes back with
gratitude, but also with sadness in the thought
that I shall hear his voice no more, to that first
delightful dawn of his ever helpful ministry."
About the year 1880, finding himself in a
position to retire from business, and his health
and that of bis wife requiring a milder climate,
they decided to take up their residence in his
native city, and took a house at Elgin Park, Red-
land. Here K. B. Rutter found scope for the
exercise of the various gifts with which he was en-
trusted. He divided his attendance between the old
meeting at " The Friars " and the newly established
one at Redland, which he regularly attended on
First-day evenings; and it is rather a significant
fact, that at the time the attendance at the latter
meeting was much larger in the evening than in
the morning. He was also a faithful pastor
of the flock, and bis visits to the sick, the infirm,
and those in sorrow were much appreciated. He
and his wife were in the habit of inviting young
men to their house on First-days to tea ; and
since his death his widow has received several
testimonies to the value of this intercourse to
those who were privileged to share in it.
He was, as is well known, a voluminous
writer, principally of poetical pieces, published in
The Friend," " The British Friend," and the
" Friends' Quarterly Examiner." His " Spiritual
Diary " is no doubt in the possession of many
For many years up to about the year 1882
R. B. Butter had been a regular attender of the
Yearly Meeting ; but the action of the Society in
reference to the Home Mission Committee met
with his strong disapproval, as he considered it a
departure from its principles in respect of payment
of ministers. He felt so strongly on this subject
that he thought right for a considerable period to
vacate his seat in the ministers' gallery. This
however did not interfere with his ministry to
any great extent ; but he never resumed his at-
tendance at the Yearly Meeting.
In 1883 he was much engaged in executor-
ship affairs. In reference to this, he writes,
RICHARD B. RUTTER.
" I think I have been benefited spiritually by
having been obliged to return to " business " as
executor on a large scale ; there was a real danger
of sinking into the mere religionist."
In 1880 or 1881 he was One ot a com-
mittee of the Yearly Meeting appointed to
visit the meetings of Friends in Ireland, and he
crossed the Channel several times on this service.
Sidcot and its neighbourhood was a favourite
resort, and his visits there were much appreciated
by the Friends who were engaged in the school,
and also by the children.
In 1886, he issued an epistle addressed " to
the younger members of Bristol and Frenchay
Monthly Meeting." It is too long to be introduced
here in extenso, but the opening sentences may be
quoted : — " We may well thank the Giver of every
good that He has in great mercy visited the
hearts of all ; and that so many of you earnestly
desire to respond to His call for whole-hearted
dedication to Him of both soul and body. Your
older friends often feel that they can help you
but little. He, however, can ' supply all your
need,' and you know the privilege of access to the
Father Himself through Jesus Christ the living
This letter was reprinted and circulated by
some Friends of Birmingham Meeting who had
formerly been members of Bristol and Somerset
E. B. Ratter appears to have taken a very
humble view of his religious attainments, as will
be seen from the subjoined memoranda : —
In 1889 he writes : "I want to write the
truth, but the task is too difficult for me. I do
not know where I am ; but I think I know better
than ever that God is love.
In 1893 : " What I have most to regret is a
general dulness of soul ; a want, and I fear an
increasing one, of spirituality. ' My soul cleaveth
to the dust ; quicken Thou me.' "
In 1894 : Gratitude to God has not been absent
from my heart. If true religion consisted in
deep feelings, I should have reason to despond,
for I have but few ; but if it consists in an inward
life and spirit, I think I may be glad. ' Keep
Thou my feet.' — Amen."
In 1896 : "Though there may not have been
any falling away in Christian living, yet the
general tone of life has been unspiritual and
material. . . . Strange mixture, a better life
but less consciousness of God's presence."
In some of the records of earlier years he
frequently alludes to besetting sins being over-
RICHARD B. RUTTER.
come. He never speaks " as though he has
already attained " ; but a growth in grace was
undoubtedly experienced as years went on.
The following verses, dated 1862, are
interesting as showing his state of feeling at the
Lord how many cruel foes,
My conscience marshalls round me !
1 see Thy book of doom unclosed,
My long-lost sins have found me.
And joy, alas ! has flown aw^ay
To hide in clouds above me ;
And fell despair has dared to say
That Thou hast ceased to love me.
While thus the tempter stood revealed,
And poised his darts before me,
The Lord Himself became my shield,.
And spread His mantle o'er me.
My head He lifted while I wept ;
I told Him all that pained me ;
And soon I laid me down and slept.
And woke, for He sustained me.
Then let my faithless fear be gone,
For He who died to save me,
Will guide me as I journey on,
To gain the home He gave me.
'Tis built upon the living rock,
Whose steadfastness has shown me
That when the Shepherd folds His flock,
He will not fail to own me.
R. B. Rutter was never a strong man, and was
subject to repeated attacks of illness ; but until
about eighteen months before his death, he was
able to employ himself as usual. During these
months he was mostly confined to the house, but
came downstairs for some part of the day. He
much enjoyed the visits of his friends, and w^as
able to enter into cheerful conversation ; and it
was a privilege to sit with him on these occasions.
At the close of the visit he would generally
propose a time of prayer. The nature of his
illness during the last few weeks was such as to
preclude much expression ; but he was preserved
in patience and in unfailing trust in his Redeemer
to the end.
Peace, perfect peace, death shadowing us and
Jesus has vanquished death and all its powers.
It is enough, earth's struggles soon shall cease,
And Jesus give us heaven^s perfect peace."
Letitia H. Saunders, 39 17 12mo. 1897
Birmingham. Wife of Nathan Saunders.
Edward Savage, 38 24 llmo. 1897
South Wigstoii^ Leicestershire.
Eliza L. Sayer, 52 26 lOmo. 1897
Norioich. Wife of John Sayer.
Andrew Scott, 80 5 5nio. 1898
Benjamin Scott, 62 13 8mo. 1898
Lucy Sewell, 75 26 12ino. 1897
Leicester. Wife of Joseph S. Sewell.
Jane Shafto, 52 28 9mo. 1898
Alice Shaw, 23 7 9mo. 1898
Belfast. Daughter of the late John Shaw.
Esther Shepherd, 42 17 lOmo. 1897
Brierfield. Wife of Lee R. Shepherd.
W'lLLiAM Shrive, 69 18 12ino. 1897
Wellingborough. A Minister.
Elizabeth A. Smith, 74 31 12mo. 1897
Great Bardjield. Widow of Henry Smith.
Mary Smith, 78 13 3ino. 1898
Lothersdale. Widow of James Smith.
Sarah Smith, 78 4 Imo. 1898
Mary Southey, 72 23 9mo. 1898
Torquay. Widow of George Southey.
Edith Spanton, 2 15 2mo, 1898
Great Yarnwuth. Daughter of Walter and
James B. Sparke,
Alfred H. Spence,
Great JBerkhamp stead,
Edward L. Squire,
Edward B. Sturge,
— 16 5mo. 1898
78 10 4mo. 1898
75 26 llmo. 1897
50 11 3mo. 1898
73 27 llmo. 1897
72 6 Imo. 1898
Wife of James Tangye.
62 13 12mo. 1897
Tauranga, Aucldand^ New Zealand.
Ann Taylor, 88 29 12mo. 1897
Spring Grove^ Middlesex.
Jacob Taylor, 72 19 llmo. 1897
Eliza Thompson, 66 29 4mo. 1898
John Thompson, 91 18 7mo. 1898
Kilharchan^ near Paisley.
A man of affairs, at one time a considerable
employer of labour and an experienced civic
ruler, John Thompson was, in all his relations
with others, distinguished by a genial Christian
courtesy, and, although distinctly fearless and
outspoken on all matters of principle, he was of
so broad a liberality that every honest opinion
was secure of his respectful and considerate
treatment. A marked feature of his character,
down to the latest years of a long life, was a
perennial youthfulness — an inspiring cheerful-
ness — which commended his Christian profession
and his Friends' principles to those around
At the age of eighty-three, when a banquet was
given in his honour by the citizens of Govan, the
Chairman, ex-Provost Ferguson, with possibly
as much truth as humour, said : "Our guest was
born two years before Gladstone ; both are now
between eighty and ninety years of age, but I
don't think two sprightlier young fellows exist."
His cheerfulness was associated with a kindly
sympathy which won him friends of all ages,
whilst his generosity towards those with whom
he could not agree left him without an enemy.
Vigorous political opponents he had at all times,
but he awoke in them no personal hostility.
None who came into close contact with him
failed to feel the effect of a subtle personal
charm which disarmed irritation and acrimony.
Since J. Thompson's death, the Member for East
Renfrewshire, Charles Bine Renshaw, has said
of him : " He was a man of such exceptional
points that he drew all men to him."
Born at Hawes, in Wensleydale, in 1807,
inheriting a large measure of character from his
father, John Thompson, himself an exceptionally
independent and courageous spirit, he was
thrown into business after a slender Ackworth
education, and had a more or less uphill com-
mercial life until more than fifty years of age,
when he became a member of the prosperous
firm of Gray, Dunn, and Co., biscuit manufac-
turers, of Glasgow.
But mere business never prevented his
devoting a large amount of his force in early
life to his own culture, in later years to the com-
mon welfare. Long before the reformed Parlia-
ment, he was an ardent Liberal politician, and
the cause of the slave had a devoted friend in
him ; and when the struggle against the Corn
Laws came, he threw himself into it with all the
force of a burning conviction.
Whilst closely occupied in the affairs of a
large business, he made time to do good service
to the Corporation of Govan, and eventually
became its Provost. How he bore himself in
office may be judged from the opinion of the
Burgh Surveyor, who says : " When I recall his
genial presence and his generous kindness, shown
in all his utterances and actions, and the fearless
independence of mind with which he formed his
judgments on all matters, I feel that it is but
seldom in a life-time that we find so many
admirable qualities of character united in one
Nor was this estimate the issue of natural
qualities only. John Thompson brought to his
civic duties an unflinching yet benign Christian
spirit, which placed above all motives of mere
expediency a watchful attitude towards the
observance of dignity and uprightness in the
management of the people's affairs ; and this was
gratefully recognised by men of widely diver-
gent minds, and in a variety of wa3^s. John
Macleod, minister of the Presbyterian Church of
Govan, writes of him : " I have not known any-
one of whom I had a higher or more reverential
regard." He refers to " the singularly beautiful
and sweet example of his life," and to " the
reverence and affection entertained for him by
all who knew him." Nor do these noble terms
convey any sense of exaggeration to his personal
and most intimate friends.
He was especially happy in winning the
confidence of young men, and in inspiring them
with a measure of his own hopefulness, sym-
pathising with them as an elder brother without
a suspicion of condescension. Nor was his
interest in them evanescent, but once won, was
always at their service.
Although not a preacher of the Gospel in the
meeting-house, he was a living example of
practical Christianity, known and read of all
In 1890 he retired from business and settled
at Kilbarchan, retaining to the last the bright-
ness of his spirit and much of his intellectual
vigour. When he passed away at the age of
ninety-one, and his remains were laid in the little
cemetery near his home, twenty-five of his old
hands came down from Glasgow to represent the
firm from which John Thompson had severed his
connection seven years before, and to lay a
wreath upon his coffin, bearing the inscription,
" In loving memory of a dear employer and
friend ; from his old employees."
John E. Tpiompson, 56 25 9mo. 1897
UnnstoUj 21aiich ester.
CHARLES F. WAKEFIELD. 133
Mary H. Thorp, 48 8 8mo. ISm
Leicester. Widow of Frederick W. Thorp.
Henry Tidbury, 65 15 Imo. 1898
Thornhury^ near Epp'mg,
Elizabeth Tuckett, 65 16 2mo. 1898
William J. Turtle, 80 28 9mo. 1898
John Waddington, 75 26 2mo. 1898
Charles F. Wakefield, 92 28 4mo. 1898
Portadovm. A Minister.
The life of our dear friend Charles F.
Wakefield almost spanned the nineteenth
century. It was his privilege to have been
nurtured in a Christian home, at a time when
Ireland was recovering from the shock of a
cruel rebellion, and when the Society of Friends
was emerging from the effects of a sad Unitarian
heresy which swept away most of those wha
held prominent places in it. .
The Rebellion of 1798 was a severe trial of
the peace principles so precious to the Society
of Friends, and to which they adhered with
remarkable fidelity. It was a cause of great
thankfulness that when, in the South of Ireland,
Friends and their families were surrounded by
robbery, destruction, and slaughter, only one
young man lost his life. He had fled to a
garrison town, and taken up arms against the
rebels. While the strife continued Friends
moved about unarmed, and were regarded as the
friends both of the rebel and the loyalist.
When the wave of heresy had spent itself,
it seemed as though the Society was almost
desolated. Meetings for discipline had been
discontinued, and disorder reigned throughout,
until a few young men who had stood for the
faith once delivered to the saints, became the
means of restoring the discipline. Among the
number was T. C. Wakefield, the father of the
subject of this little memoir, who now filled the
lapsed office of clerk in his own Monthly
These trials, as we can well understand,
imparted to those who remained faithful a
robustness of Christian purpose which bore fruit
in after life in the character of the dear friend
we have under review.
His father had married Jane S. Goff, of Co.
Wexford. She proved a true helpmeet in times
of jo}^ and sorrow. A loving testimony to her
worth as a wife may be inserted here. Her
CHARLES F. WAKEFIELD.
husband writes : " A better wife no man ever
had. Her heart overflowed with love to me and
all around. Her mind was stayed upon her God,
Our children were tenderly brought up, and she
was enshrined in their memory as a wise and
In this christian home C. F. Wakefield grew
to sturdy, thoughtless manhood — one among
many instances of the fact that grace is not a
matter of heredity, and that " no man can redeem
his brother, or give to God a ransom for him."
His first childish recollection of prayer was
" Our Father," learned in his mother's arms. On
his return from school, his father, who bore firm
rule in his own household, placed the lad in the
linen business with himself. In all weathers his
son attended the linen markets, making little of
riding twenty or thirty miles in the early
morning, to be in time for their opening. This
mode of tracsit, so common at that time,
probably fostered a love of riding, and inter-
course with those who were outside the circle of
his Quakeriy associations. Gradually he
developed a passion for field sports, and for
mixing with gay company, where his attractive
appearance and manners made him a welcome
In speaking of this period of his life he
used to say : " A gentle and familiar step could
be heard in the stillness of my chamber, and my
mother would be at my bed-side, a feeling
having taken possession of her mind that I
needed a word in private, or that I might be
intending to join the hunt on the morrow." He
would then describe how touching her counsels
proved in his experience, and how his proud
spirit bowed under the power of maternal love.
When, in his public addresses, he has often pleaded
with the mothers respecting their privilege and
power in leading their children earl}^ to God, a
deep feeling has spread over the audience as he
spoke of his own early experience.
During this time of thoughtless gaiety,
although he was preserved from open vice, his
parents were under much concern for his soul's
welfare. We need hardly say his mother
wrestled in prayer for her beloved son. And
we shall now relate how prayer was answered
so as to rejoice the hearts of those who loved him.
While quite a young man C. F. Wakefield
found much interest in travelling as guide with
J. J. Gurney and his party in the north and west
of Ireland. The impressions then made, we
cannot but believe, were never entirely dispelled.
CHARLES F. WAKEFIELD.
When about twenty-six years of age he
reached the crisis of his life, which we prefer to
describe in his own words, as told to a relative
about two years before his death. On asking
for particulars, he replied, "Yes, I well remember
the day. It was in Moyallon Meeting-house.
Dear Stephen Grellet in his ministry laid my
state open and bare. He then told me if I did
not yield to the call of my Heavenly Father the
consequences would be very sad. He proceeded
to say, ' I see as it were the sword drawn, and it
is about to fall if there is any hesitation on the
part of an individual present to come out on the
Lord's side.' I sat bowed to the ground. I
knew his words had reference to my case.
Blackness of darkness seemed before me, and I
believed it would be my last call. There and
then I yielded entirely to the power that spoke
to me through my dear friend, and made no
reserve. I had two horses in the stables ready
for the season's hunting. I sold them, and
carried my gun down to the river, broke it in
two, and threw it in. I had made an appoint-
ment to meet some of my gay companions, and
when they asked me why I did not keep my
engagement, I told them frankly that I had for
ever done with the world and its pleasures, and
was now serving a better Master.
138 ANNUAL MONITOR.
" But no tongue can tell the agony I bad
still to pass through as my past life came in
review before me, and the requirements of my
dear Heavenly Father were made plain.
" My precious mother used to come to my
bedside, and sit with me far into the night,
entering into my state with prayer and sympatln\
She had long watched over my soul in those
early days of carelessuess and gaiety, and she
now rejoiced on my account. Dear Stephen
Grellet took me with him to the South of Ireland,
and greatly confirmed me by his preaching and
In that journey a friend of mine and myself
received a distinct call to the ministry of the
Gospel. Through great mercy I yielded ; but in
the other case it was different, and loss and
sorrow were the result. I cannot sufficiently
praise and magnify the kindness and love of my
Heavenly Father. I know I should not be here
to-day had I not entered His service ; and I can
at least tell others that He has been a good
and gracious Master." This occurred during
Stephen Grellet's last visit to this country in
Having thus in his early youth yielded spirit,
soul and body in obedience to the heavenly call
CHARLES F. WAKEFIELD.
he never swerved in his purpose of dedication,
and was, after a time, recorded a minister of the
Gospel in the Society of Friends. His ministry
was often doctrinal, and very clear on the founda-
tion truths of our hope in the love and mercy of
God through His blessed Son. He was frequently
led to speak of the baptism of Christ in distinction
to the water baptism which John the forerunner
had proclaimed ; and very often it seemed his
duty to point to the privilege which the believer
enjoys in the spiritual communion of the bread
and water of life.
The text was a very familiar one to his
hearers : " Behold, I stand at the door and knock.
If any man hear My voice and open the door, I
will come in to him and sup with him and he
with Me." We thus become spiritual communi-
cants at the Lord's table. How often, too, our
dear friend endeavoured to impress upon his
hearers the truth of the universality of divine
grace, and the all-importance of that offering
made on Calvary for the sins of the whole
In later years his spirit was more and more
an exemplification of the apostle John's words :
he that loveth God loveth his brother also."
He lived in the atmosphere of this divine love,
in which he embraced mankind, narrowed by
neither creed nor country.
For years he was a conspicuous figure in his
neighbourhood, characteristic of a former gener-
ation of QuakerisQi, and much honoured and
respected. Appeals of all kinds were carried to
his door, and were met in the same spirit, and he
would invite the bearer of such appeals to come
in, and after some friendly talk he would sit in
silence for a time, to seek guidance. It must be
added he generally felt free to respond with help.
In 1839 he married Anne Moore, of Clon-
mel, a recorded minister. They did not seem
called to labour much outside their native land,
but continued united in spirit and in service,
working for the good cause in Ireland.
To his tenants C. F. Wakefield was a kind
and thoughtful landlord, living on happy, friendly
terms with them ; and not unfrequently did he
return the rent to the needy, when wintry weather
reminded him that fire and clothing would be
necessary for the family.
His wife was removed by death in 1883 ;
and although the stroke was deeply felt, he con-
tinued bright and cheerful in spirit, entertaining
a strong persuasion that they were still united in
the service of the same blessed Master.
CHARLES F. WAKEFIELD.
His ninety-first birthday found him, in
inclement wintry weather, travelling from Clon-
mel to his home at Portadown, some 150 miles.
He did not appear the worse for the long
day's journey. It was his last journey, and he
died in harness, as the minute which he had
received for service in the South of Ireland was
Once or twice afterwards he was out at
Moyallon meeting, which he had attended regu-
larly for eighty-seven years. His last address in
the ministry was in Lurgan, where the word
was with divine power, felt and alluded to by
Three days afterwards he was attacked by
influenza, followed by bronchitis. The acute
stage of the illness passed off, but it left him so
prostrate that although he lingered for several
weeks, there seemed no power to rally. He was
often engaged in prayer and thanksgiving, and
those around him could say that the promise was
fulfilled, "At evening time there shall be light.''
There was no pain nor any disease apparent, the
sufiiering being only from extreme weakness.
When those around expressed a hope that he
would be raised up for a little while, he would
often point upward and say, " He knows best ;
His will be done."
He rarely, if ever, mentioned death. The
great enemy seemed, as in George Fox's case,
scarcely worth a mention. Many times he
exclaimed, " The Lord's mercies to me have been
wonderful — wonderful to a poor unworthy ser-
vant. My only hope is in the Lamb of God, who
taketh away the sin of the world." Gratitude
for the kind attention of those around him was
On the last morning his mind seemed wan-
dering a little, and when a dear relative entered
the room he exclaimed, as he drew her down for
a fond embrace, " My dear child, thou hast come,
and my dear mother has come also so strong in
death was the memory of that beloved parent ; and
who can tell how near she was. *' He giveth His
angels charge " ; They are sent forth to minister
unto the heirs of salvation.
For many hours before his death he lay
perfectly still ; and just before the end, with a
loud voice, he twice exclaimed, " I am going
home ! I am going home ! "
" Mark the perfect man, and behold the
upright, for the end of that man is peace."
Maky Walker, 88 26 2mo. 1898
Ulloch^ near Cochermoiith. Widow of Thomas
Sarah Wallis, 73 24 12mo. 1897
Basingstohe. Widow of Richard Wallis.
Elizabeth Walpole, 64 18 llmo. 1896
Ashhrook, Qaeen's Co. Widow of Joseph
Joseph Warinq, 63 26 Imo. 1898
Donnyhrooh. A Minister.
Alfred Waterfall, 66 5 llmo. 1897
Arnold S. Watson, 18 27 llmo. 1897
Gateshead. Son of Robert S. and Elizabeth
Lesley Watson, 15 2 3mo. 1898
Scarborough. Son of Frances and the late
William J. Watson.
Mary Webb, 88 6 4mo. 1898
Dublin. Widow of Thomas Webb.
Wilhelmina Webb, 66 4 Imo. 1898
Killiney^ Dublin. Wife of J ohn Webb.
Mary Weir, 76 27 4mo. 1898
Paidey. Wife of James W. Weir.
Robert W. Wells, 54 13 Imo. 1898
Jessie M. Wellstood, 75 9 4mo. 1898
Edinburgh. Widow of Stephen Wellstood.
Sarah Ann West, 74 5 12mo. 1897
Hull Wife of Alfred West.
Theodore West, 71 28 2mo. 1898
Darlington. A Minister.
Theodore West was the second son of the
late William West, F.R.S., of Leeds, where he
was born in Sixth Month, 1826. His parents
sought to train their children in the fear of the
Lord. Their rule was one of sympathy and love,
and parent and child, when the latter had been
guilty of serious wrong-doing, would kneel
together to ask forgiveness for the fault and for
help to overcome future temptation. On First-
day afternoons the children were gathered
together, and read verse by verse some passage
from the Scriptures, their father questioning
them and answering their questions, and explain-
ing anything they did not understand. The
good seed thus early sown was not sown in vain,
but influenced for good the after-life of Theodore
West and others in the family.
He spent his school-days first in his native
town, and then at the Friends' School at York ;
and afterwards was trained as a mechanical
engineer. His working hours were long, yet on
First-day afternoons he shared in the teaching of
a school carried on by the Congregational Church
in Leeds, Friends there at that time having no
Adult School. In later years at Darlington, with
much interest he took some part in the work of
the Adult Classes.
In 1853, after his first marriage, he
emigrated to Sydney, living there for some
time. He visited the gold fields ; and returned
to England in 1862, and in 1865 removed to
Darlington, where he resided for the rest of his
Theodore West was a warmly-attached
member of the Society of Friends. He much
enjoyed the silence in meetings for worship, and
when living in " the bush " in Australia, it was
his delight to worship God after our manner.
He was recorded a minister by Darlington
Monthly Meeting in 1867. He deeply felt the
responsibility of this position, and exercised his
gift in much humility, but with diligence and
acceptance, till failing health prevented his
attendance of meetings.
The bent of Theodore West's mind was
towards scientific investigation. He was deeply
interested in natural history, and loved to draw
the attention of the young to the handiwork of
the Creator, his desire being to lead their
thoughts through Nature up to Nature^s God,
often quoting the Psalmist's exclamation, "
God, how manifold are Thy works," and saying
" how wonderful they are." He delivered very
instructive lectures on various branches of
natural history and other departments of science,
seeking to encourage in his hearers the habit of
careful observation and deduction, and to lead
them to trace the finger of God in the world
He loved his divine Master's service, and
looked forward hopefully to a time when he
should be able to devote himself more fully to it.
This, however, was not granted to him, but
instead, he was laid aside by loss of health, and
for his last six years had to endure much suffer-
ing. But he bore it all in patience, never com-
plaining, never murmuring, though the trial and
disappointment were great to one of his love of
mental activity. He much enjoyed the visits of
bis friends, welcoming them with smiling, grate-
ful greeting. His cheerfulness and his gratitude
for every act of kind attention were instructive
to witness. He had no fear of death ; he knew
whom he had believed, and, like Paul, was per-
suaded that He was able to keep that which he
had committed to Him against that day ; and we
believe he has now heard the glad welcome.
Well done ! good and faithful servant, enter
thou into the joy of thy Lord."
With Christ ! sweet companionship
For one who walked by faith with Him
Along his busy earthly course ;
However mists or clouds might dim
The rugged path that lay between
The things of time and things unseen.
With Christ ! in life, in death, he knew
In whom he had believed ; and now
He sleeps in Jesus, and the seal
Of God's own peace is on his brow.
No more can sin, or grief, or pain
Trouble this ransomed one again.
With Christ ! henceforth his spirit shares
The blessedness these words imply —
The perfect love — faith changed to sight —
Death swallowed up in victory.
All earthborn shadows drawn aside,
He sees Him, and is satisfied.
Killiney^ Duhlln. An Elder.
Henry Wigham was so well known in the
Hannah E. White,
75 19 11 mo. 1897
77 16 llmo. 1897
Society of Friends, and indeed in the philan-
thropic world, that but few words are required
to present to our readers the earnest diHgent
worker in the cause of righteousness, temperance,
and peace. He was the son of John Wigham
(tertius) of Edinburgh, and Jane (nee) Richardson
of Whitehaven. His mother died when he was
very young, and he and his younger brother
shared the loving attentions of sisters a little
older than himself. Along with them he laboured
enthusiastically in his native city in the anti-
slavery cause, and also took a leading part in
Peace, Anti-capital Punishment, and kindred
questions ; and was much esteemed and beloved.
In the year 1856 he removed to Dublin to
join his brother in business, who, as well as his
eldest sister, had been settled there for many
years. Here again he entered on a career of
activity and usefulness, devoting himself with
ardour to what he believed would most tend to
tlie welfare of his adopted country. The Sunday
closing of public-houses was a special object of
his indefatigable labour, and there are many who
can bear witness to his faithful attendance, night
after night, in the lobby of the House of
Commons, watching for and seizing upon every
opportunity of forwarding the work he had so
HENRY WIG HAM.
warmly at heart. He was rewarded by seeing a
partial measure granted to Ireland, while, to the
end of his life he faithfully laboured for the
completion of that measure by its extension to
the five " exempted towns " ; and nearly his last
message to his friends and fellow workers on
his death bed was : " Go, tell them to
In 1858 he married Hannah Maria Peile,
daughter of George and Mary Peile, of White-
haven, in whom he found a sympathetic fellow
Any mention of Henry Wigham would be
incomplete without allusion to his devoted
adhesion to the principles and practices of the
Society of Friends, of which he was a member
by birth and true conviction. He was not a
recorded minister, but those who listened to his
words of loving exhortation, and to his earnest
prayers, must have felt that they were dictated
by the Holy Spirit of truth and love, who ruled
his life and made him a humble follower of the
Lord Jesus Christ.
His last illness was of short duration, and
not accompanied by much suffering. His
dying chamber was an abode of peace. As the
days went by he was evidently drawing nearer
to his Saviour, and feeling His sweet presence
more and more intimately. Once, alluding to
the temperance and other work he had loved so
dearly, he said, "I leave it all with God." He
knew that it was infinitely more God's work than
his, and that He would care for it. He was very
thankful to have the constant presence of two of
liis sons during these last days, one of whom was
about to return with his wife and family to his
missionary work in China, and the other about
to enter on similar work for his Lord in Pemba.
He said, " It is trying to leave you all, but the
prospect before me is a very happy and precious
one." Once he seemed to be speaking with
some one, but said when asked, " I was only
speaking to my Lord. Oh He is very near,
blessed be His name." He repeated the last
verse of the xxiii Psalm, and uttered many
glowing words of love for his friends in the seen
and the unseen, and then, as peacefully as a
child on his mother's breast, he fell asleep, to
wake no more on earth. Those who looked on
him remembered the words of the poetess : —
Calm on the bosom of thy God,
Sweet spirit, rest thee now ;
E'en while with us thy footsteps trod,
His seal was on thy brow.
" Dust to its narrow bouse beneath,
Soul to its place on bigli ;
They that have seen thy look in death,
No more may fear to die."
Charlotte J.M.Williams, 2 9 4mo. 1898
Camherioell. Daughter of John H. and
Henry Wilmot, 91 14 Imo. 1898
Ann Withers, 63 30 Imo. 1898
Luton. Wife of William Withers.
Frederic Wood, 61 19 3mo. 1898
Burdi'opj Sihford. A Minister.
Frederic Wood, second son of Benjamin
and Anna Wood, was born at Tarbuck, near
Liverpool, on the 14th of Third Month, 1837.
Soon after his birth his parents weot to reside at
Newton in Bowland, his father taking the
superintendence of the Friends' School there.
At the age of nine he went to Ackworth, where
he remained for a period of six years. At school
he was a universal favourite, and though not
fond of outdoor sports or pastimes, was ever
ready to enter into any form of boyish fun or
mischief. An old schoolfellow writes : " He was
a great favourite with us all for his humour and
geniality, and I can remember his quaint speeches
to this day."
To this period he often alhides in after life,
feeling that, perhaps through this inherent and
innocent spirit of mirth, his teachers were often
tried ; and he many a time feelingly spoke of
their kind forbearance, especially remembering
with gratitude the wise and loving tact of his
beloved teacher, the late Thomas Puplett, to
whose gentle Christ-like influence he owed much.
While he was at Ackworth his parents
removed to Ireland, where Benjamin Wood
undertook the duties of Superintendent of the
Friends' School at Mountmellick. Whilst there,
their son Frederic having left school, was
apprenticed to Thomas Purves, a Friend carrying
on a grocery and seed business in Wexford, who
was a relative of the famous explorer, Mungo
Park. Although he had now very long hours,
his love of study led him to find time for mental
improvement by rising early, and thus having a
quiet hour or two before the business premises
were opened at six a.m.
At the age of nineteen he was much inter-
ested in reading the Life of Captain Hedley
Vicars, and it was through the instrumentality of
this book that he was led to give his heart to the
Lord. Before this he had been under deep
conviction of sin, and had passed through a
season of great spiritual depression, months going
by ere he obtained peace ; but when light at
last broke in through the gloom, he felt like a
new creature. The soul agony had been so
intense that, for a time, his friends feared his
health would entirely give way under the strain ;
but who can now doubt that this trial was per-
mitted, to give him a spiritual understanding and
insight, which in after life should enable him
wisely, lovingly and tenderly, to minister to
others in a like extremity — a service he often
accomplished in subsequent years, with wonderful
results to the praise and glory of God. His life
from this time was lived entirely for the Master,
and he was ever ready to lend a helping hand to
any project for the furtherance of the Gospel.
His bright individuality endeared him to all,
and as one of those interested in the promotion
of the Young Men's Christian Association in
Wexford, he worked unsparingly in making it a
success. About this time also he started a night
school for young men and lads who were
employed during the day, and soon had a list of
pupils numbering about thirty. INIan}^ of these,
who are now filling useful places in the world,
attribute their first real start in life to bis untiring
and loving influence.
In the autumn of 1863 be married Eliza
Johnson, eldest daughter of Mordecai and Phebe
Johnson, of Eose Hill, near Portadovvn, Co,
Armagh. At this tin:ie he purchased the business
of his employer, who retired, owing to increasing
infirmities ; and, moving from the old place to
more commodious premises, started on his own
He was very conscientious, and his influence
for good was of a marked and far reaching char-
acter, as he preferred to suflier business losses
rather than allow any practices which were not
perfectly honourable and upright in every way.
In this connection a Friend has written since his
death : I found that in his business, as well as
in his private life, he endeavoured to glorify his
heavenly Father by his refined taste, his desire to
give satisfaction, and by his upright business life."
About the year 1880, he bought a small
printing machine for use solely in connection
with his own trade ; but other business men,
seeing the class of work executed, soon came
begging him to print for them. In this way the
business increased so much that, in time, it had
to be again and again removed to more extensive
premises. Although he had never served any
apprenticeship to the printing trade, he possessed
such an inherent love of the beautiful and
artistic, that soon his name became a household
word amongst printers all over the world, and the
firm gained a wide reputation. He eniplo3^ed a
large staff of men, to whom, whether occupying
the highest or the lowliest position in the works,
he ever proved himself the wise friend and
counsellor, taking a personal interest in each, and
showing in many ways that he had their best
welfare at heart. Many of these now testify to
his Christ-like influence and words of advice, as
often having been a means of great blessing and
encouragement to them. A letter received from
a former employee who had not heard of his
death, says : " I have always felt you have
taken an interest in my welfare, and to-day I am
reaping some of the benefits of that interest. As
I look back upon the past, the days spent in your
employ appear as some of the brightest of my
life." And in a letter to his daughter, another
writes : " In the inscrutable workings of the
Almighty, it has pleased Him to take away one
who, by his affectionate and upright personality,
endeared himself to all who had the privilege
of knowing him. Always a true and loyal
friend, his was a character that is in truth rarely
met with, and we have lost a friendship that on
this earth is not to be replaced."
In 1875, he was recorded a minister by
Wexford Monthly Meeting, his addresses having
been most acceptable and helpful. Since then
the same Monthly Meeting has, on various occa-
sions, granted him minutes for service, both in
England and Ireland. Friends much appreciated
his visits, often writing of them afterwards as
seasons of deep spiritual refreshment and encour-
His great sympathy with and for others, and
his sweet humility were very noticeable. He was
ever ready to forget self and think of others.
Eef erring to the couplet on his memorial card,
inserted at his special request : —
" I'm a poor sinner, and nothing at all,
But Jesus Christ is my all in all,"
one Friend writes: "They (the lines) so truly
express the humility of our dear friend's
character, and his firm faith in Jesus Christ. I
always so much admired this in him ; and his
words and manner were so marked with
reverence that it impressed the hearers with the
deep importance of the spiritual truths bein^
unfolded to them."
Ever ready to extend the Kingdom of God^
he on various occasions gave his aid to other
denominations, frequently at the request of the
circuit ministers taking services in the local
Methodist churches. About 1883 he started a
Bible Class for young ladies, and every Sixth-
day night a number gathered together for
prayer and the study of the Scriptures. These
classes were very helpful, and were much
appreciated by all who had the privilege of
being present. He possessed a wonderful
knowledge of the Bible, and his explanation&
and expositions of Scripture were the outcome
of much earnest prayerful thought. To quote
again from a letter received since his decease, a.
fi*iend writes : " I always felt him to be
one of the most chastened and deeply taught
Christians in spiritual things I have had the
privilege of knowing, and one feels that the
Church on earth is all the poorer that he is no
In the . spring of 1890 he attended Dublin
Yearly Meeting, and while there wa6 taken
seriously ill, the doctor giving little hope of hi&
recovery. But all through he felt that the Lord
would raise him up, and that there was further
work for him to do. Contrary to expectation he
gradually gathered strength, and was able to
return home, where, after a while, he regained
his wonted health. He was most anxious to
have more opportunity for the Lord's work,
feeling that much remained to be done, and that
life was uncertain, and he eventually parted with
his business, in the hope that when its ties were
removed he would be more at liberty to be about
the Master's work. But the Lord ordered it
In the summer of 1897 he removed with his
wife and daughter to England, settling down in
the village of Sibford, Oxfordshire, where he
quickly gained the love and respect of all. He
took a great interest in the Adult School, and in
various branches of Christian work, his ministry
being much appreciated. But the Lord had
need of His servant, and on the afternoon of
Third Month 19th, 1898, took him to be for ever
His illness, which lasted three weeks, was
borne with sweet Christian fortitude and sub-
mission to the divine will. Ever thoughtful for
others, it grieved him to give trouble, and he
would often beg his nurses to take a rest. He
.suffered much at times from extreme weakness
.and exhaustion, but never a murmur passed his
lips ; ever the same bright, happy spirit to the-
end, encouraging those around him, and speaking-
words of comfort and consolation to his sorrow-
ing loved ones. He looked forward with joyful-
ness to his release, and longed to be with hia
Very many have been the loving testimonies^
received since his departure, of the blessing
which has rested on his life and labours ; and
truly it can be said of him, " That he being dead,,
Lucy M. Woods, 92 23 2mo. 189^
Thomas Woolman, 66 21 3mo. 1898-
William Woolston, 81 19 9mo. 1898-
Wellingborough. An Elder.
William Workman, 80 20 9mo. 189^-
Dinah J. Wright, 87 20 4mo. 1898-
Esher. Wife of Thomas Wright.
Samuel Wright, 37 25 6mo. 1898-
St John's Wood.
Pardoe Yates, 39 27 9mo. 1898^
Wilton^ near Salishiiry.
Alfred Yeardley, 65 6 6mo. 189S
Infants ivJiose names are not inserted
Under three months , . 1
From three to six montlis , 2
From six to twelve months . 3
William Uhrich Ditzler.
Tahen from a ALemorial issued hy the Monthly
Meeting of Friends of the Western District
William Uhrich Ditzler, son of Christian
and Christina Ditzler, was born near Lebanon,
an Pennsylvania, on the 3rd of First Month,
1821, and died at his residence near Downing-
itown, on the 2nd of First Month, 1897, aged
aearly seventy-six years.
His father, a tailor by occupation, served at
itimes as a minister in meetings of the Lutheran
congregation of his birthplace, which, under the
name of the " Church of Mount Zion," had been
established under the ministry of his ancestor,
who was among the early German immigrants
into Pennsylvania. His father sought carefully
to imbue his children's minds with the teachings
of his church. His mother was tenderly con-
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLhJR.
cerned for the spiritual blessing of her son, the
more so when she saw, when he was three years
of age, that she must soon depart this life. It is
believed that her earnest travail of spirit before
her decease, for a blessing on her child, and her
strong supplications for his dedication to God
were signally answered in all the way in which
he was afterwards led.
It was in the time of his early boyhood that
there came a remarkable deepening of spiritual
interest in the congregation of which his family
vvas a part. Such a divine solemnity overspread
the meeting that the choir could no longer pro-
ceed with the music. For some four years the
organ was closed, and the worshippers often sat
under a holy covering of divine power, and of
that praise which " is silent for Him in Zion.''
For a few years during his youth he was
much confined in or near his home by a lameness
which kept him from the usual diversions of
boyhood, and gave him much time for thought
and meditation. In his fifteenth year he
attended the meetings of a Methodist bod}^^
called Evangelical Friends. In this period he
was visited with a clear sense of his state by
nature and of the awfulness of sin, to such a
degree that he told his father he was " lost.""
His father called upon the members of his con-
gregation to pray for his distressed boy. At
length relief came. William was sitting alone,
as was his wont, upon the stones in an old
quarry. " This text of Scripture," he writes,
was powerfully applied to my mind : ' The
Son of Man hath power on earth to forgive sins,'
which was accompanied with such a sweet
heavenly sensation that I did believe that the
Lord had passed by my former transgressions
and adopted me amongst His children." Such
heavenly light and peace filled his heart that
everything inwardly and outwardly, he said,
•seemed changed as in a moment. So that when
he went home he could say, " Now, father, I
know I am not lost ! "
His brief written account of this period
•continues thus : " My father, by this time, heard
of my going to the Evangelical Friends, and he
began to oppose me and force me to go to the
Lutheran Church to be confirmed. I submitted
to it, but only attended three times, and in six
months after I joined in fall membership with
the Evangelical Methodists, which exasperated
my father so much that he took me away from
«chool. ... In consequence of this I lost a
large share of learning."
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLER.
While sitting before the large open fire-
place one day, about this time, he saw a pano-
rama, as he expressed it, of his history for the
coming half-century. It seemed to start with
laying aside his crutches and leaving his father's
house, to travel alone upon unknown roads to a
great city, which appeared clearly before him,
with its many streets, houses, and steeples, where
he would live, moving in and out as a minister
of the everlasting Gospel. All this seemed more
than he could believe ; so that he exclaimed (in
his native German), " Impossible ! Impos-
sible ! " which his father overhearing, inquired
It had long been the cherished purpose of
his father and friends to see William follow in
the footsteps of his ancestors for some genera-
tions as a minister of the Gospel. But the
spirituality .of the Gospel dispensation was
becoming unfolded to the boy's mind, including
the nature of Christ's baptism as the true suc-
cessor of that of John by water, and the new
and spiritual communion as the true advance
beyond the passover-form with bread and wine.
Other forms, like the saying of "grace" at
meals, confirmation, and stated exercises as wor-
ship were growing more and more questionable
One day, while standing at a railroad station,
he observed at a window of a train a man and
two women in a peculiar garb, which called
forth his inquiry who they were. He was told
they were some Quakers from Philadelphia :
that they did not believe in water baptism, paid
ministry, war, etc. A desire at once sprang up
in his mind to know more of such people, who
held views of the Christian religion of which he
was already secretly persuaded.
His radical difference from his father's
views concerning the so-called sacraments
became in due time manifest. Stringent
measures were taken to bring him into con-
formity with the practice of his church, but
without avail. Intercourse with others was cut
off by solitary confinement for a whole week or
more, to give him an opportunity to come to
what was deemed a right mind on that question.
But neither argument, fear, nor persuasion could
change his views as to the purely spiritual
aspect of Christ's doctrine ; and after some
years his father became reconciled to his son's
At length he felt that his true home lay in
the direction where the drawings of Truth
seemed to lead him. He found his way to
WILLIAM UHRICH DlTZf.ER.
Philadelphia when about nineteen years of age.
There he very soon saw men and women in the
garb in which Friends were first presented to his
view. He followed them till he found himself
sitting in their meeting for worship. He was so
impressed with the reality of the worship in that
silent waiting that he mentally exclaimed: -'This
meeting is my meeting, and this people is my
people ! "
His own account of this meeting is q<s
follows : " Some time past I went to a Friends'
or Quakers' meeting, where I saw a number of
people sitting together in silence, with which I
was very much struck. Many of them appeared
to be gathered into a state of holy introversion
from every earthly object, and the countenances
of many of them evinced that they held com-
munion with God. My spirit was much
refreshed (though there was no word spoken),
which made me desire to go again. The next
time I went, a man Friend stood up, I may say,
as some said of Christ formerly, 'as one having
authority, and not as the scribes.' This induced
me to inquire more particularly into their
doctrine and mode of worship. I afterwards
understood that they made it their business in
meeting to gather into the name of Christ, in
order to feel His power and blessed presence to
influence them in all their religious services.
This they consider a necessary requisite for a
Gospel minister, in order to enable him to speak
in the demonstration of the Spirit and with
power, and to baptise the hearers so that they
may be strengthened and edified together."
After this, in the middle of the week as
well as on First-days, he steadily attended the
meetings of Friends. He found employment at
a tailoring shop kept by a party who had no
sympathy with his mid-week attendance of
meetings. They withheld his day's pay, one
dollar, every time he attended the Fourth-day
meeting. This did not deter him from the
regular practice ; and he would return from his
two-hours' absence, and faithfully work the
remaining hours of the day. Interested fellow-
boarders found a better situation for him, and he
eventually, under a guiding and over-ruling
Providence, became largely blessed in means.
A time came when, in one of these
meetings, he was drawn to kneel in prayer,
which was uttered in the German tongue. A
Friend, who understood the words, described
them as of a very touching character. Elders in
the meeting began to manifest an increased
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLP:R.
interest in him, advising liim to use the English
Bible instead of his Luther's version, and
directing his reading in the standard writings of
After coming of age he was much exercised
in mind as to applying to be received into mem-
bership in our religious Society. In earnest
meditation concerning this step, he would some-
times walk in his room or in the open air till the
earl 3^ hours of morning. After he had left the
question with the Meeting his heart was peace*
full}^ lightened, as if all the responsibility was
lifted from him. It was some three years before
lie was received into membership. Time was
thus taken to prove the stability of his purpose,
and the sureness of his growth in the truth.
The innocent, earnest, and devout character
of the lad early endeared him to such elders and
concerned Friends as Jane Johnson, H. Regina
Shober, Marmaduke C. and Sarah W. Cope,
Thomas Wistar, and Mary Ann Lloyd, who were
warmly interested in watching over him for
good. One day he was sitting in the parlour of
M. A. Lloyd, when Stephen Grellet came in, to
whom the young man was introduced. On being-
left alone with him, Stephen Grellet's mouth was
opened in a flow of prophetic ministry, en-
couraging William to look neither to the right
nor to the left in following the high calling
which was before him in the ministry of the
In the interest of righteousness he obtained
interviews with two successive Archbishops of
the Roman Catholic Church in Philadelphia,
appearing in their presence without removing
his hat. He also paid a noteworthy visit to the
present mayor of the city soon after his entrance
into office. After some interchange of kindly
words, a silence came upon them, and at length
our dear friend opened his mouth in testimony
for the righteousness which exalteth a nation,
and against sin which is its reproach : and he set
forth the high future in store for his hearer,
should he maintain his integrity, and be faithful
to the Divine witness in his heart. As he offered
a solemn and feeling prayer for a blessing upon
the Executive of so great a city, the few present
were bowed as in the Divine presence. The
mayor has since taken occasion to acknowledge
his appreciation of the grace of love shown in
such a man ; and the present Archbishop has
borne similar testimony.
While a young man, and in middle life,
William U. Ditzler's leisure time was largely
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLER. 169
occupied in visiting the poor and distressed lin
the slums of the city, and in teaching them the
word and way of life. He became a familiar
figure at night in these haunts of misery, and
way was always made for him even by the most
degraded, who offered him no violence, but
viewed him with respect as a man of God. He
was especially faithful as a visitor to the prisoners
in the Eastern Penitentiary, and instances could
be given of the good influence of his labour
But to return to the earlier period ; we note
that after his admission into our religious Society^
he occasionally spoke in meetings for worship.
His use of the English language improved as he
grew in faithfulness and in grace, and his utter-
ances became more and more marked by life,
weight and solemnity. His gift in the ministry
was acknowledged by his Monthly and Quarterly
Meetings in 1867, when he was forty-six years
of age. His vocal service in his own meeting
never became frequent, but was singularly
impressive, awakening and reaching to the
witness for truth in men's hearts, as a gospel
trumpet giving no uncertain sound. During
these earnest engagements, and in the solemn
silence which followed, meetings would seem
-covered as with the divine presence ; and many,
in departing to their homes, would say : " Truly,
•God hath not forgotten his people ! " Especially
imder his devout exercise in vocal prayer was
there a manifest overshadowing of the Divine
anointing. The holy solenmity spread as from
heart to heart, bowing the congregation under a
•sense of the majesty of the King of Heaven.
The life and power of his ministr}^ was more
especially witnessed during his visits to neigh-
bourhoods away from the city. His first
travelling in the service of the gospel was in
Pennsylvania and New Jersey, mostly during the
year 1868. Its progress was a severe trial of his
faith and dedication. But through all apparent
obstacles a way was made, to his own admiration
and the satisfaction of the visited. On one
occasion, when refused admission to a house, a
holy boldness empowered him to claim entrance
and lodging. Before he left it, the hearts of the
heads of the family were tendered and contrited
under the power of gospel love and faithfulness.
At one place, having mounted a horse-block in
front of a' building, while his companion, a
minister, was engaged within it, he preached
with power to the assembled out-door company ;
and a remarkable religious awakening in that
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLER.
neighbourhood is said to have followed this
meeting. Various visits, for which he obtained
minutes from his Monthly Meeting, included labour
with mill-hands and operatives, prisoners and
inmates of charitable institutions, westward as
far as Columbus, Ohio, and eastward to the sea-
coast of New Jersey.
At a meeting appointed in a school-house, a
man was present whose boast it was to break up
religious meetings. His mockery of the speaker's
voice was subdued on this occasion by a power
felt while the speaker stood silent in the midst
of his sermon. Feeling this man's state as a
burden on his mind, William with his companion
and an elder, drove early in the morning to the
man's residence, and induced him and his wife
to listen to the expression of concern for their
souls' welfare. Before they left the room, both
the man who had seemed so hardened, and his-
wife, were on their knees with contrited hearts
begging for divine mercy.
While engaged in preaching to the prisoners
at Reading, Pennsylvania, several men and
women from the town being also present, he
made some attempts to use his customary
expression, " My brethren and sisters" ; but felt
a stop in his mind before reaching the word
sisters." In one instance near the end he
succeeded in saying, " My brethren and sister" ;
but was prevented by the same check from
uttering the word " sisters " in the plural. At
the close of the meeting several who knew, as
he did not, that among the four hundred in the
audience, some of them women, there was but
one female prisoner, expressed their admiration
at his preservation in the truth. His only
explanation was that it was by simply minding
This quickness to heed the constraints and
restraints of inward instruction, served him
better than worldly wisdom in much of his daily
walk and conversation. On one occasion, having
dined with his sister in the southern part of the
city, notwithstanding her entreaties and the rain,
he felt he must walk instead of taking the street-
car to his place of business. On the w^ay he was
addressed by a young woman who, observing
his garb, asked him if he was not a " Quaker
Friend." Assured that he was, she proceeded
to give an account of herself as the daughter of
:a Florida general, and having come north to
«tudy. As they were about parting near his
place of business, she said, " Perhaps you will
Dot approve of my object in studying. I am
WILLIAM UHRTCH DITZLER.
taking lessons in elocution to qualify me as an
actress for the stage." His answer was, " Oh !•
I am sorry for that. My young friend, if thou
pm'sue this course, darkness will be thy portion.
But 'they that turn many to righteousness shall
shine as the stars forever and ever,' " Some two
weeks afterwards she entered his office, and told
him that those w^ords had been ringing in her
ears ever since ; and she had found no peace
until she had resolved to give up her prospect of
the stage, and to devote her life, though much
against her parent's views, to the good of
benighted natives in a foreign land. At length
he received a letter from her, written in Siam,
showing that she was there, engaged in what she
believed was her mission.
During part of one summer, while his
foreman was gone to dinner, he felt drawn, day
after day, to go to a desk at the rear of his shop,
and there at an open window to read aloud
passages from the Bible. This seemed a singular
proceeding for him. He had never done it
before, and never did so again. Several weeks
afterwards a well-known Episcopalian minister
came into his room and informed William that
he had been the means of saving one of his
parishioners. William could not see how or
174 ANNUAL MONITOR.
when. " Were you not in the habit last summer,"
•said the visitor, " of reading aloud by your back
window, passages from the holy Scriptures ? "
I was," he answered. "Yes," replied the
minister, "and there was, in one of the rooms
above, a young woman in a state of decline, with
whom all my labours for the turning of her
heart to God were without effect. She would
have nothing to do with religion or pious advice.
At length she heard your voice ringing out upon
the air in passages of Scripture. Day after day
«he listened intently to your readings of the
Bible. A deep impression was made on her
conscience, and she at length gave up to repen-
tance toward God, and faith toward our Lord
Jesus Christ ; and she died in the peace of
His firm confidence in the clear openings of
Truth on his mind, seemed one of his strongest
traits. He must see a truth for himself before
he would adopt it ; and that which the Witness
for truth in his heart had once shown him, was
invincible by argument or persuasion. It is not
to be supposed that this tenacity of mind would
always escape the holding of erroneous ideas,
for he was not exempt from human error.
His daily vocation was not pursued entirely
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLER.
for gain, but also for the employment of others,
and to give him a central stand in the city for
what he regarded as a daily mission service.
Thither men of all persuasions loved to resort,
ministers of various denominations, concerned
Friends of his own fellowship, and young men
and women needing fatherly sympathy and
counsel, all held by the charm of his interest in
them, and even at times by the blessing of his
reproof. Through all his conversation there was
an exaltation of the spirit above the letter, of
faith above discouragement, of generosity above
prejudice, of the heavens above the earth.
Several ministers of other denominations are
believed to have had the spiritual quality of their
teaching improved, through the new light in
which, in these interviews, they saw the gospel
dispensation presented. And it is believed that
not a few young Friends learned to regard him
as a nursing father ; and in the type of religion
which he represented, they recognised a living
argument for Quakerism.
In the year 1874, William U. Ditzler, feeling
that his service in Western District Monthly
Meeting had ceased, and that a Divine call was
extended to him to transfer his membership to
Uwchlan Monthly Meeting, moved to a residence
which he purchased near Downingtown, and
thenceforward laboured faithfully for the
spiritual welfare of the meeting and people of
that neighbourhood, yet coming almost daily to
his usual occupation iii Philadelphia. Seals to
his ministry were manifest in that place, and the
church was in a marked degree edified. At
length, feeling that he had for twelve years
expended the most earnest labours of his life-
time in that meeting, and that he was now
excused from further service therein, he believed
that the Lord had need of him in Philadelphia.
His certificate of removal was granted in 1887,
and he was sincerely welcomed back to the
meeting which had been his first home in our
religious Society. But he continued his residence
in Downingtown, and came thirty miles to his
meetings for worship in the city on First-day
mornings, as regularly as to his business on week-
days. His service in the meeting was largely in
silence, and bore impressive testimony to that
worship and communion which is in spirit and in
Almost as an evening sacrifice, in the year
1889, he felt drawn in gospel love to revisit those
meetings in New Jersey which he had earliest
visitedj and also many of the prisons and charit-
WHJJAM UHRICH DJTZLER.
able institutions within the borders of the Yearly
Meeting. This service extended through four
years, to evident comfort, edifying, and awaken-
ing in many parts of the field. During a visit
within the limits of Delaware County, he heard
that a certain tavern was the headquarters of a
fox-hunting association, in which many men of
the surrounding country had an interest. A
concern at once fell on him to hold a meeting at
that house for the good of that class of people.
Attempts were made from time to time to arrange
for this meeting, but no way seemed to open.
After some two years, word was brought to him
that the proprietor of the hotel had died, and his
funeral would be held on the morrow. William
Ditzler at once felt that this was his long-
deferred opportunity. He proceeded to the place,
and found that the priest who was expected to
conduct the services, was prevented from coming.
Whilst waiting for the appointed time, our friend
had a tendering interview with the widow and
family in their private room. Another minister
being obtained, he consented for William to
occupy a short time after the close of the stated
service. When the opportunity arrived, and the
new voice began to be heard, all that could crowd
into the hall -way and rooms from out-of-doors at
once flocked in, and stood as it were amazed at
the demonstration of the spirit and of power in
which the gospel message rang forth for their
warning and turning from the power of Satan
unto God, and unto Him that taketh away the
sin of the world. When he ceased, the minister
embraced him with joy for the Divine visitation^
the crowd respectfully parted to let him go forth,
and a solemn impression is spoken of as abiding
among the people for days. Some who were
present came on the next First-day to his regular
meeting for worship in the city; and occasionally
men of that class have stopped him in the street
to acknowledge the impression made on their
feelings upon that occasion.
During the period of these labours he was
prostrated with a severe attack of pneumonia.
His physician, when he had seen the fever pass
what was deemed the fatal mark, took an
opportunity to say to him, " If you have anything
to say, sa}^ it ; or to sign, sign it." To his
surprise his patient began to recover. The
doctor said to him, "This unexpected turn for
the better is due to your simple and temperate
habits of life. You never took alcoholic drinks,
you never chewed nor smoked tobacco, you have
never been indulgent of appetite. Had any of
WILLIAM UHRICH DITZLER.
these been your practice, you could not have
survived the violence of this attack. Your pure
and clean life has saved you." But William U.
Ditzler had seen in his sickness a vision of a
further extended time before him which he must
occupy for others' good. While never free from
much bodii}^ infirmity after his illness, he was
especially a sufferer during the last two years of
his life, in consequence of a severe accident.
He bore his daily sufferings with great
fortitude, continuing, when possible, his regular
journeys to his city store, constantly waiving his
own sense of pain, and hiding his anxiety on
behalf of those near and dear to him, that in self
forgetfulness he might enter into the states and
troubles of those who so much resorted to his
society. At length a final attack of pneumonia
laid him low, and after a week, passed mostly in
apparent unconsciousness, he entered, we cannot
but believe, into the reward enjoyed by those,
who, having turned many to righteousness, shine
as the stars for ever and ever.
The foregoing incidents in the life of our
valued Friend have been adduced to show the
sufficiency of Divine grace for man, when heed
is given to it. "Not b}^ might, nor by power,
but by my Spirit, saith the Lord o£ Hosts." It is
not to intellectual ability or culture, that his life
and power in the ministry can be ascribed ; but
it was his childlike trust in the immediate and
perceptible direction of the Spirit of Christ. This
gave him success in word and in work, only as
it was permitted to prevail. His eye was kept
remarkably single to this guidance, in the love
and patience of Christ, whose gentleness made
him great. It invested and imbued him with a
rare sweetness of spirit and a tender sympathy
of heart, to such a degree that even the worldly
minded took knowledge of him that he was with
Jesus. That steadfast adherence to the inward
and Holy Witness, which was the characteristic
of his career, is essential, as he believed, to bring
the church of his choice, as it did his own life,
out of the wilderness, and to give it once more
that shining place among men, of which his life
was an illustration.